Lope Caballero

Brief Biography: 
Lope Caballero was born in Lugo in the modern province of Lugo. His father was Juan Cavallero and his mother was Mari Hernández. He arrived in New Spain around 1537. Documentary records indicate that Lope Caballero married a Native woman who accompanied him on the Expedition. He also had two sons, but whether they were born during the Expedition is not known. Lope Caballero stated that he wrote about the Expedition during his time in Tierra Nueva, but his writings have not come to light. He was not present at the 1540 muster. Following his return he was a tailor in Puebla.
Gender: 
Male
Title (Y/N): 
No
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Lugo
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
Lugo
Died on the Expedition?: 
No
Last Known Location: 
Puebla, Mexico
European Social Status: 
Commoner
Position on Expedition: 
Unknown
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere: 
No
Pre-Expedition Occupation: 
Tailor
Post Expedition Occupation: 
Tailor
Residence After Expedition: 
Puebla, Mexico
Married: 
Yes
Name of Spouse: 
a Native woman
Ability to sign name: 
Yes
Relatives: 
father: Juan Cavallero; mother: Mari Hernández
References-Documentary: 

1540-1550:

González-Leal, Relación Secreta  [p. 67-70: Vecinos of Puebla de los Ángeles: Lope Caballero];

AHMP, Actas, Vol. 4, Document 255, Asunto 2 [fol.280f:March 31, 1544, Puebla, Grant of vecindad to Lope Caballero];

AHMP, Actas, Vol. 4, Document 263, Asunto 6 [fol.287v:July 4, 1544, Merced de un solar a Lope Caballero, vecino, ubicado en la traza de la ciudad linda con el solar de Juan de Torres y con el corral de ovejas de Antón Martín];

López de Villaseñor, Cartilla Vieja [p. 283-301: “Lista de los vecinos que recibieron para poblar la ciudad a quienes se les mercedaron solares, huertas, suertes y caballerías tierras, según sus calidades…;” p. 287-88: Libro 4: 1544, includes: Lope Caballero and Pedro Jerónimo];

AHMP, Actas, Vol. 5, Document 53, Asunto 8 [fol.54f:August 7, 1545, Merced de un solar a Lope Caballero que linda con el solar de Valdivieso, jubetero, y que Cristóbal Sánchez, medidor, mensure el fondo. La petición se registro July 28, 1545. La inspección la hizo Gonzalo Hernández, regidor];

AHMP, Actas, Vol. 5, Document 54, Asunto 4 [fol.56f:August 10, 1545, Merced de un solar a Pedro Caro, hijo de conquistador, y linda con el solar de Lope Caballero];

AHMP, Actas, Vol. 5, Document 272, Asunto 3 [fol.264f:August 2, 1548, Merced de un solar a Hernando Vehedor, vecino, que límita con solar de Rodrigo Ladrón y Lope Caballero];

AGI, México, 1064, L.1 \1\, “Informes”  = Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:6159 = Icaza, Diccionario, #987 [fol.228r: natural de Lugo, Galicia; to Nueva España 1535; took wife on expedition] [vecino of Puebla; native of Lugo in Galicia; son of Juan Cavallero and Mari Hernández; his father served in Granada where he died; 10 years in Nueva España; married with a native woman; went with Vázquez de Coronado  and took his wife; wrote on that jornada; 2 sons];

AHMP, Actas, Vol. 5, Document 278, Asunto 3 [fol.269f:August 30, 1548, Merced de un solar a Diego de Baeza, escribano, que límita con solar de Lope Caballero, sastre, y con solar de Rodrigo Ladillo y de Salinas];

1560-1570

AGNEP, Notaría 4, Caja 4, 1568, Carpeta 1.9 [8 November 1568, Acapetlavaca, Lope Caballero, is a witness to a poder

Relatives:

?Chevalier, Land and Society [p.145:a Diego Caballero was rich refinery owner];

?Acuña, Relaciones Geográficas: México [Mexicaltzingo- corregidor-Gonzalo Gallegos; scribe-Francisco Sanchez Moreno;  interpreter-Diego de Paz; governor -don Marcos de San Juan; fray-Pedro Caballero; witnesses-Juan Téllez, Martín Osorio, Damian Gallegos, estantes]