Gerónimo de Estrada

Brief Biography: 
There is only one Gerónimo de Estrada in the extant documentary record, so with some degree of confidence he is the expeditionary. He probably was born in Dueñas (Palencia) to Antonio Pastor and Isabel de Estrada. He obtained a license to travel to New Spain in February 1538. Gerónimo was present at the 1540 muster and was a member of Gutiérrez de la Caballería's company. A possible connection existed between Gerónimo and his captain. The royal treasurer Alonso de Estrada was the brother-in-law of Diego Gutiérrez de la Caballería as well as the father of doña Beatriz de Estrada, Vázquez de Coronado's wife. Did Gerónimo get his position in Gutiérrez de la Caballería's company because of a relationship to Alonso de Estrada? Upon the return of the Expedition to New Spain, Gerónimo was the encomendero in Castilaha, Culiacán.
Gender: 
Male
Title (Y/N): 
No
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Palencia
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
?Dueñas
Died on the Expedition?: 
No
Last Known Location: 
Culiacán, Mexico
Position on Expedition: 
Horseman
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere: 
No
Post Expedition Occupation: 
Encomendero
Residence After Expedition: 
Culiacán (Mexico)
Relatives: 
parents:?Antonio Pastor and Isabel de Estrada
References-Documentary: 

1530-1540:

AGI, Pasajeros, L.2, E.4351 = Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:6917 [son of Antonio Pastor and Isabel de Estrada, vecinos of Dueñas (Palencia), Feb. 25, 1538]

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [2 horses, coat of mail, elk hide jacket, native arms, in Gutiérrez de la Caballería's company]

AGI, Justicia, 269, Pieza 4 [1545, witness in the lawsuit of Alonso de Trujillo]

Hillerkuss, Diccionario Biográfico, vol.2  [vecino of Culiacán about 1548; encomendero of Castilaha with estancias, 238 tribute payers, 2:100]

Papeles de Nueva España, “Suma de visitas” [p.98: Castilaha, en Culiacán - Este pueblo esta en las sierras hazia el camino de Mexico; esta de la villa 18 leguas y de las minas 14; an estado siempre de guerra estan agora de paz; tiene Castilaha 21 casas y en ellas 32 indios; Ocomono 30 indios e Fenea 10 indios, Acuytene 12 indios, Sulacumene 14 indios, Xauxabo 17 indios, e Poleno 6 indios, Bilme no se sabe, Camapino 9 indios, Aloquine (?) 5 indios y Labino 13 indios, Sonola 8 indios, Cobote 6 indios y Vaymino 14 indios y Udsasoma 13 indios e Qnino 28 indios, Coolmo 13 indios, Apaya tiene 9 indios. Son todas las estancias 18 y en ellas 238 indios; este año an sembrado una hanega de maiz y no otra cossa];

Relatives:

?AGI, Contratación, 5247, N.2, R.25 [Feb. 11, 1594; Diego de Ayala, criado of Dr. Sande, native of Las Navas, son of Gerónimo Destrada and María de Ayala to Guatemala]