Lorenzo Ginovés

Brief Biography: 
The only definitive mention there is for expeditionary Lorenzo Ginovés is the 1540 muster where he is listed as a footman. There are several different individuals with the name Lorenzo Ginovés in New Spain at the time of the Expedition and none of the documentary evidence clearly refers to the expeditionary. Given his last name of Ginovés he may be a native of Genoa, Italy. There are references to other Lorenzo Ginovéses who are from Genoa. It doesn't seem likely that the conqueror of Mexico with Cortés would be only a footman on the Coronado Expedition.
Gender: 
Male
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Italy
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Liguria
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
Genoa
Last Known Location: 
Tepic, Mexico (Muster)
Position on Expedition: 
Footman
References-Documentary: 

pre 1530:

?Hillerkuss, Diccionario Biográfico [mariner and conquistador w/Cortés, 1519; encomendero Minzapa, Veracruz; 1528 in company w/Pedro de Maya to look for gold in Oaxaca; corregidor of Guaxolotitlan, Oaxaca, 1537-38 and of Ocotlan, Oaxaca, 1538-1541 (450 pesos/year); vecino of Oaxaca, 1542; wife living in Castilla; 1542-1543, corregidor of Tetiquipaque, Oaxaca; famous as a good man; daughter married Pedro Franco, conquistador; died before 1547; wife, vecina of Nueva España, lived w/daughter, p. 2:238]

?Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, I:5196 [w/Cortés 1519, pilot in Cuba in 1518, from Genoa, vecino of Oaxaca and Puebla, husband of a Portugesa];

?Gay, Historia de Oaxaca  [p. 146: entre los primeros pobladores de Oaxaca in the 1520s: "Lorenzo Genovés, marido de una portuguesa de crecida edad"];

?Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:13288 [vecino of Mexico City 1525, dueño of the mines of Xuxaca] = ?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:9  [Aug 14, 1525, vecino of Tenustitan, poder to his compadre Francisco López, miner];

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:40 [Aug 29, 1525, vecino, hiring Julián Sardo];

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:41 &42 [Aug 30, 1525, mining company in Oaxaca between himself and Pedro de Maya and Pedro Rodríguez de Carmona];

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:45 [Sept. 1, 1525, vecino of Mexico City, poder to Pedro Moreno de Najera];

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:242 [Nov 21, 1525, debt from Juan Pérez de Tuesta];

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:273 [Nov. 29 1525, vecino, poder to García Pérez];

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:917 [Jan 2, 1528, poder from Antón de Rodas];

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:919 [Jan 2, 1528, poder from Pedro Calvo, estante in Ciudad de México;

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:1639 [Oct. 7, 1528, poder from Diego de los Olivos to collect money from the heirs of Martín de Barahona];

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:1713 [Oct. 20, 1528, Antón Ruíz, gilder, owes Francisco Barron and will be paid from the account of Ginovés, who owes him];

?Gay, Historia de Oaxaca [p. 195: a Lorenzo Genovés, “marido de una portuguesa de crecida edad,” was one of the primeros pobladores of Oaxaca in 1526];

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD61, Inquisición, Vol. 1, exp. 8, 1527 [fol.104: May 1527, Mexico; case against Diego de Morales for blasphemy; witness, has known Morales for 8 months in these places [came 8 months ago?]

1530-1540:

?Esparza and Waterbury, The Founding of the City of Oaxaca [p. 115: Inesica [Indian concubine of Juan Peláez de Berrio], April 1531, was deposited in the home of Lorenzo Ginovés and his Spanish wife Margarita Ramírez (wrong name) in Antequera];

?AGI, México, 1088, L.2 [fol.64v-65r:April 25, 1532, cédula recommending help for the following vecinos of Antequera: Diego de Porras, Alonso de Pimentel, Juan de Valdivieso [father?], Nuflo de Benavides, Cristóbal Gil Alonso Morillo, Martín de la Mezquita, Pedro Asensio, Fernan Martín, Juan Hernández de Mérida, Bartolomé de Astorga, Lorenzo Genovés, Diego Castellanos, Diego de Leiva, Francisco de Herrera, Gaspar de Tarifa, Juan García de Ucas, Juan Hernández de Prada, Fernando Aragones];

?AGI, México, 1088, L.2 [fol.79r-79v: April 25, 1532; Oaxaca, the above to keep for themselves and their children the hidalguías and libertades that they have];  [fol. 751: Guaxolotitlan: 19 Feb 1537, corregidor, Lorenzo Ginovés, 250 peso salary]

?AGI, Justicia, 258, Pieza 1-2 [Ginovés was corregidor of the pueblo de Tenayuca (Tacuba) in 1537 with a salary of 200 pesos/yr (this is written right after the Ginovés in Oaxaca and probably is him)]

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [footman, arcabuz, native arms]

?APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.48v: Lorenzo Genovés y su mujer Luisa de Morales baptized Juana 18 Jan. 1540]

?AGI, Justicia, 258, Pieza 1-2 [fol. 739v: Ginovés was corregidor of the pueblo de Tetiquipaque (Oaxaca) in 29 March 1542 with a salary of 150 pesos/yr] [fol. 747v: Ginovés was corregidor of the pueblo de Ocotlan (there is one in Oaxaca) 7 Feb. 1538, renewed 22 Feb. 1539, and renewed 13 May 1540 with a salary of 200 pesos/yr]

?AGI, Justicia, 116, N.3 [fol. 28r: Lorenzo Ginovés, conqueror is voting for alcaldes Mexia, Carbajal and Mansilla (Mansilla is in Puebla in 1547 but had an encomienda in Oaxaca)];

?AGI, Patronato, 56, N.2, R.1 [Feb. 28, 1541; meritos y servicios of varios conquistadores of Mexico and other pueblos who came with Cortés in 1521: Hernando de Lerma, Bernal de Paredes, Juan de Nájera, 1st, Hernando Delgueta, Gonzalo Hernández, Francisco de Vargas, Jerónimo López, Juan Gómez Almazan, Juan de Cuellar Verdugo, Antonio de Villarroel, Gonzalo Carrasco, Pedro López de Alcantara, Juan Siciliano, Alonso Soltero, Pedro Hernández, Miguel Díaz de Aux, Alvaro López, Diego de Colio, Bartolomé Cuellar, Luis Sánchez, Hernán Martín, Hernando de Aguilar, Alonso Pérez Zamora?, Francisco de Portillo, Alvaro de Sandoval, Domingo Martín, Francisco Tellez, Bernardino de Santiago, Juan Gómez Herrera, Hernando de Cantillana, Alonso de Vitoria, Francisco Gutiérrez, Pedro Martín Aguado, Pedro Franco, Diego Marmolejo, Hernán Rodríguez, Alonso Macias, Esteban Miguel, Francisco García el Viejo, Juan Martín Villanueva, Francisco López, Juan de Rivas, Pedro de Trujillo, Pedro Pérez, Diego Hernández, 1st, Diego Hernández, 2nd, Alonso de Mata, Martín de la Mezquita, Antón Galeote, Cristóbal Morales el Viejo, Rodrigo de Castañeda, Alonso Guisado, Luis de Cárdenas, Diego de la Mezquita, Alonso Navarrete, Pedro de Aragon, Diego de Sanabria, Francisco Guillen, Juan Francisco de Prado, Juan Lario, Diego Montero, Juan García de Beas, Pedro Moreno, Juan de Nájera, 2nd, Francisco de Granada, Juan Galindo, Juan de Santana, Antonio de Molina, Bartolomé Tofiño, Juan Ortiz, Pedro Romero, Pedro de Abarca, Agustin de Rodas, Lorenzo Ginovés, Juan Núñez Sedeño, Francisco de la Milla, Bartolomé González, Juan Rodríguez Bejarano Almodovar, Alvaro de Zamora, Juan Esteban Colmenero, Nicolas de Rodas, Gonzalo Ramirez, Luis de Avila, Sebastian de Intonilla, Alonso Cano, Andrés García] [many of these names show up as info under our names] [nothing about Cibola going on, or their children going there as proof of service];

?AGI, México, 96, R.4 [a 1545-1559 list of persons: Rodrigo Ximón, ay dos el uno es un naguatato mançebo honbre de poca calidad ay otro que fue conquistador; Juan Pérez es a conquistador and married and is a espadero, his wife is from Spain; Pero Hernández is a conquistador, married, honbre de poco arte; Bartolomé Sánchez, is a conquistador, married to an Indian, servio al marques del valle de llevar le los bastimentos a las minas; Francisco López is a conqueror, married and a miner for the marques; Hernandarias de Sayavedra is a cavallero and uncle to the viceroy; Alonso López, is a conquistador, not married and criado of Alonso de Avila; Lorenzo Ginovés is a conqueror, married with a woman from Spain, honbre de bien; Gonzalo Hernández is a conquistador and not married; Francisco Caravajal, don't know who he is; Juan Gómez, don't know who he is; Pedro Sánchez, don't know who he is; Domingo Martín, is a conquistador, not married, primo to Bernaldino Vázquez de Tapia; Alonso López, it is not known who he is];

?AGI, Contratación, 197, N.21, R.12 [image 456:20 July 1545, Antequera, Juan Gallego, vecino and alcalde mayor of the gold and silver mines of the provincias of Tequeçistlan and Mixteca, gives a summary of the bienes de difuntos; includes: the death of Diego Diez, native of Salamanca, mother was Mari Álvarez de Carrera, died in 1529; Francisco de Çiguença, native of Salamanca, albacea was Lorenzo Ginovés, married a daughter of Çiguença; report signed by Gallego, (no signature); Gallego ordered to pay certain sums]

1550-1560:

?Gerhard, North Frontier  [p.139: Minzapa in 1554 and followed in 1597 by a Alonso de Horta];

?González-Leal, Relación Secreta  [p. 29-31: "Los que pasaron con el Marqués del Valle; Al margen, muerto, Lorenzo Ginovés, vecino de Guaxaca, es buen hombre, casado con mujer de Castilla, se acoje hijos españoles, y hace buenas obras, provéese de corregimientos, vino por marinero y es ginovés];

?AGI, México, 1064, L.1\1\, “Informes” [fol.114v: Malgarida Ruíz, viuda, vecina of Ciudad Real de Chiapas and spent a lot of time in Guaxaca; daughter of Juan de Acosta and María de Abrego; native of Ysla de la Madera (Madeira?-Portuguese); wife of Lorenço Ginovés, who came with Cortés; went with Narváez; had encomiendas-Amyixapa and other pueblos; that he died; married daughter in Chiapas with Luis de Maçarriegos; no mention of Vázquez de Coronado];

?AGI, Patronato, 70, R.1 [don Luis Alfonso Macariegos, regidor of Ciudad Real, Chiapas, his paternal great grandfather was Gov. and Captain General Diego de Mazariegos, captain Luis de Mazariegos, his paternal grandfather; R.2: don Luis is the only and legitimate descendant of Captain General Diego; 1)Captain General Diego de Mazariegos, 2) Capitan Luis de Mazariegos  m. doña Juan de Abreo, daughter of Lorenzo Ginovés, regidor of Oaxaca, conqueror of Mexico, died in Oaxaca, 3)Luis Alfonso de Mazariegos, 4)don Luis Alfonso Mazariegos m. doña Geronima de Loaysa y Varaona];

?Orozco y Berra in Dorantes de Carranza, Sumaría relación, 367 [piloto, vecino of Oaxaca; [w/Narváez, genoese, p.386];

?AGI, Indiferente General, 161, N.22 [meritos y servicios of Luis Alfonso de Mazariegos, regidor of Chiapa says his maternal great grandfather was Lorenzo Jenovés, one of the first conquistadores of Nueva España and of the provinces];

?Himmerich, Encomenderos, 162 [from Genoa];

1560-1570:

?Catálogo, Resumen e Índices [México, 9 febrero 1563 Doña Ana de Estrada, viuda del tesorero Juan Alonso de Sosa, vecina, arrienda a Luis Pérez, vecino, una venta con sus casas, que está en la provincia de Chalco, junto al pueblo de Iztapaluca [...continues] No firmó Luis Pérez. Testigos: Bartolomé Zurita, Lorenzo Genovés, Luis López y Francisco Ramírez, vecinos y estantes]

Relatives:

?AGI, Indiferente General, 201, N.1 = Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 32 [1606, Diego Flóres de la Torre, Guadalajara; Estevan Ginovés, 60 years old, as witness];

?AHAG, Justicia, Capellanías, 1593-1620, Caja 1 [Founder: Cristoval Hernández, 1584-1839, Cristóbal Hernández, native of Berlanga in the reinos of Castilla; son of Gonzalo Hernández Manosallas and Mari Sánchez, la bachillera, Patron:García Hernández Berlanga, his brother; and Francisco de Plaza, Will: 13 Sept. 1584, daughter-Juana Sánchez la Bachillera, he has on the estancia of obejas of doña Marina, 400 pigs, large and small, has an estancia in Matatlan which he sold to Tomas García, Nicolas Martín married his daughter, dowry was a black slave and an Indian; has a natural daughter with an Indian from San Pedro; doesn't know the name of the mother or daughter; Leonor de Santiago has the child, Can't write because of his illness; witnesses: Esteban Ginovés, descendant?, Baltazar de Cayzedo, Gonzalo de Balençuela];

?AHAG, Justicia, Provisorato, 1562-1616, Caja 1 [25 June 1571, Alonso Hernández (?), vecino of Puebla; tutor y curador of the minor children of Alonso García Romero, deceased, and in the name of Francisco Hernández Romero, witness: Gregorio Ginovés, 70 years old; Juan Hernández]