Graviel Hernández

Brief Biography: 
The only certain information we have for the expeditionary Graviel Hernández is that he was present at the muster as a footman. However, in the Pasajero record there appears to be only one Graviel headed to New Spain. In that record there is also a Pedro Álvarez from Berlanga right before Graviel received his license to travel. Because both names appear on the muster for the Expedition, it seems highly probable that they were both expeditionaries. If that assumption is correct, then Graviel was a native of Berlanga, in the modern province of Badajoz and the son of Diego Hernández and Ana Hernández.
Gender: 
Male
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Badajoz
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
?Berlanga
Last Known Location: 
Tepic, Mexico (Muster)
European Social Status: 
Commoner
Position on Expedition: 
Footman
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere: 
No
Relatives: 
parents: ?Diego Hernández and Ana González
References-Documentary: 

1530-1540:

?AHP-Sevilla, Legajo 48, Oficio 1, 1535 [fol.34r: apprentice: Francisco López, engraver, vecino of Sevilla; to Graviel Hernandes; 14 Jan.; both signed]

AGI, Pasajeros, L.2, E.5155 [Sept. 23, 1538, son of Diego Hernández and Ana González, vecino of Berlanga (between Azuaga and Llerena), to Nueva España]

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [sword, round shield, native arms, footman]

1560-1570:

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD61, Inquisición, vol.7, exp.14, 1568 [the cura Andrés de Porras is accused of making heretical statements in la villa de Santa María de la Victoria, Tabasco; a witness is a Graviel Hernández, vecino of Santa María (Hernández signs his name as “Grabriel”)]

Other Info:

?AGI, Indiferente General, 1380 [Graviel Hernández, vecino of the ciudad de Parragossa, in Peru, 30 years old, bearded, medrano cuerpo, requests license to bring wife and children to Peru, no date];

Piferrer, Nobiliario, 3:94, #1265 [family name from Córdoba; went to Galicia; el origen de esta casa y apellido se cree muy ciertamenta que es tomado del rey don Fernando, y derivado de este nombre en Fernández and alterado despues en Hernández; escudo of sinople and a gold castle de cuyas almenas sale un brazo armado con espada and 2 lions del mismo metal empinantes al castillo, bordura de gules and 8 gold stars]

Relatives:

?BPE, “Bienes de difuntos,” Folder C287-63-3200, 1608 [fol.155r:Graviel Hernández, vecino of Guadalajara, signed];

?AHAG, Justicia, Capellanías, 1593-1620, Caja 1 [Founder: Cristoval Hernández, 1584-1839, Cristóbal Hernández, native of Berlanga in the reinos of Castilla; son of Gonzalo Hernández Manosallas and Mari Sánchez, la bachillera, Patron:García Hernández Berlanga, his brother; and Francisco de Plaza, Will: 13 Sept. 1584, daughter-Juana Sánchez la Bachillera, he has on the estancia of obejas of doña Marina, 400 pigs, large and small, has an estancia in Matatlan which he sold to Tomas García, Nicolas Martín married his daughter, dowry was a black slave and an Indian; has a natural daughter with an Indian from San Pedro; doesn't know the name of the mother or daughter; Leonor de Santiago has the child, Can't write because of his illness; witnesses: Esteban Ginovés, Caltazar de Cayzedo, Gonzalo de Balençuela];

?AGI, México, 22 [1590, Alcaldes Mayores: Cristóbal Hernández, son and grandson of conquistadores, lieutenant, Yguala];

?AHAG, Gobierno, Cabildo, Cuentas de Mayordomo, 1580-1733 [Folder of original documents for the year 1595: División y partición de las rentas dezimales, 1595; refers to Juan de Torquemada, administrador de ganados, maizes y menudos of Guadalajara [again this is the son]; also a Gabriel Hernández, alguacil (went to Guadiana y Sombrerete) [is this also a son?]; a Francisco Muñoz, capellán and sacristan; Juan de Ledesma, pertiguero];

?AHAG, Justicia, Matrimonios, Nulidad, 1600-1654, Caja 1 [Expediente (no#), 1618, Divorce-pueblo of Atoyaque, Juana Godoy vs Francisco Hernández, descendant?];

?AHAG, Justicia, Provisorato, 1562-1616, Caja 1 [25 June 1571, Alonso Hernández (?), vecino of Puebla; tutor y curador of the minor children of Alonso García Romero, deceased, and in the name of Francisco Hernández Romero, witness: Gregorio Ginovés, 70 years old; Juan Hernández]