Pero Hernández Calvo

Brief Biography: 
Pero Hernández Calvo was a horseman on the Expedition. So little is known about Pero despite his uncommon name. He returned from the Expedition and settled in Culiacán where he died, probably in 1543.
Gender: 
Male
Title (Y/N): 
No
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Córdoba
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
?Córdoba
Date of Death: 
1543?
Death Details Known?: 
No
Died on the Expedition?: 
No
Last Known Location: 
Culiacán, Mexico
Position on Expedition: 
Horseman
Residence After Expedition: 
Culiacán (Mexico)
References-Documentary: 

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [1 horse, lance]

1540-1550:

Enciso Contreras, Testamentos [p.415-440: cites- AGI, Contratación, 220B, R.39, Will of Francisco Pilo, 6 Nov. 1550, Agualulco (JAL), corregimiento of Izatlán, native of Aranda de Duero, son of García Pilo and Juana de la Torre; Debts: Juan de Villareal, 4000 pesos de minas; Pedro Hernández Calvo, 144 pesos de minas; owes for a black sailor that his brother bought from Luis del Castillo; owes various amounts to Cristóbal de Oñate; Juan de Zaldívar, 202 pesos, 2 tomines; the Portuguese, Juan Fernández, who died in Colima, whose albacea was Fernando Gallego, 70+ pesos for having served at sea; Francisco Calderón, deceased, 34 marcos and 1 ounce of silver to his heirs; Juan Gallegos?, deceased, find out if he owes him something; don Antonio de Mendoza, 2000 pesos de tepuzque]

AGI, Contratación, 201, N.3, R.2 [Primeramente en dos conoscimientos en medio pliego de papel que son de Pedro Hernández Calvo 95 pesos de oro de minas; albacea-Pero Hernández Calvo, persona de buena conciencia; witnesses present- Juan de Riberadeneyra, Bartolomé Sánchez del Canpillo, they signed (no signatures on copy), 27 Dec. 1543, San Miguel de Culiacán; Codicil: Pero Hernández Calvo states that he owes the heirs of Diego de Ariza 132 pesos+; 1550, 2 Jan Culiacán, copy made of the 1543 will; 1561, 26 Nov, Guadalajara, Probanza of Diego de Ariza, Pero Hernández Calvo is dead by this date; Alonso Martín, was albacea for Pero Hernández Calvo, witnesses: Francisco Rojo, Cristóbal Romero and Alonso Martín]

Other Info:

Hillerkuss, Diccionario Biográfico [Cíbola; 1550 Francisco Pilo's (Nov. 1550) will in Etzatlán owed him 144 pesos, p.3:200];

Piferrer, Nobiliario, 3:94, #1265 [family name from Córdoba;  went to Galicia; el origen de esta casa y apellido se cree muy ciertamenta que es tomado del rey don Fernando, y derivado de este nombre en Fernández and alterado despues en Hernández; escudo of sinople and a gold castle de cuyas almenas sale un brazo armado con espada and 2 lions del mismo metal empinantes al castillo, bordura de gules and 8 gold stars];

?Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:8453 [there is a family from Guadalacanal coming in 1536, parents are: Alonso Martín Calvo and Ana Fernández; they are: Alonso Martín Calvo, Francisco Sánchez Calvo, Isabel Méndez, Mayor Méndez, María Fernández, Beatriz Méndez/Fernández]

Pero Hernández Calvor:

AGI, Contratación, 202B, N.13 [Will of Andrés Bailón, Tasco, 1564; bequest to his natural daughter María López who is married to Juan Pérez, tanner, 400 pesos; Diego Hernández, is 1 albacea; his universal heirs are his parents; owes  Juan de Villaruel (Villareal?) mayordomo of don Luis de Castilla 73 pesos; owes Pero Hernández Calvor, merchant and vecino of Mexico 35 pesos; witnesses: padre García Rodríguez, Francisco de Castro];

AGI, Contratación, 203, N.4, R.8 [fol. 5v: Gaspar de Salamanca, purchased clothing, 5 June 1562, Mexico, from the belongings of Alonso de Sapardiel; fol.6r, also Pedro Hernández, silk buyer; Francisco Gómez; Diego Hernández; Pedro de Avila; Juan de Ramos; Diego Díaz, buyer; 1562, Mexico, fol.131r, Pero Hernández de Calvor/Albor, buyer; Alonso González, buyer; Juan Martín Gamero, buyer]

Relatives:

?Orozco y Berra in Dorantes de Carranza, Sumaría relación, 198 [Gonzalo Hernández Calvo, vecino of Puebla, conqueror; son-Francisco Calvo; son-in-law-Gaspar Valadés];

?Dr. León in Dorantes de Carranza, Sumaría relación, p.444 [Geronimo Hernández Calvo, vecino of Puebla, many sons and daughters, his oldest son has the encomienda, now his son-in-law, Gaspar Valdés has it]

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD110 Real Audiencia, Tierras, vol.56, exp.5, “Mapa de Santa Ana y Santa Cruz” [fol. 16:1591, Ixtepeque. Oaxaca. Martín de Velasco pide tierra no labrada para poseerla a su favor. Están representados dos pueblos: Santa Cruz en la esquina superior derecha y Santa Ana casi en la esquina inferior izquierda, colindando con las estancias de Fernández Calbo; hacia la esquina superior izquierda se ubican las tierras que pide Martín Velasco. Los pueblos se unen por una red de caminos, asimismo se muestra un río]

Mestizo Son:

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD51, Gobierno Virreinal, General de Parte, vol.2, exp.165 [10 Sep 1579: don Martín Enriquez, to the corregidor of the pueblo of Cuscatlan that he has received a report that a Pedro Hernández Calvo, mestizo lives there and is causing problems (lawsuits and dissension), abandoned his wife in Mexico City; Hernández is to be expelled and returned to Mexico City to live with his wife]

Diego Hernández Calvo:

AGI, Escribanía de la Cámara, 952 [fol. 275:18 April 1562; a Diego Hernández Calvo, citizen of Ciudad Real, Chiapas];

AGN, El libro de Tasaciones  [a Diego Hernández Calvo, 1567, p.443];

AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1557 [corregidores: Diego Fernández Calvo, corregidor of Papalotiguipaque y Tepcuçia, 100 pesos];

AGI, Contaduría 664, 1558 [Payments to alcaldes mayores, corregidores y tenientes: Diego Hernández Calvo, corregidor of Papalotiquipaque and Tepeuçila, 200 pesos, 11 Sept 1557-11 May 1558];

AGI, Contaduría, 679 [alcabalas: in August 1578, 23 pesos are paid on behalf of Diego Hernández Calvo, corregidor of Tetiquepaque];

AHMO, Actas de Sesiones, Libro 1, 1564- 1642 [Diego Hernández Calvo, vecino, antiguo poblador, honrado y rico; chosen alcalde ordinario and head of hermandad];

AHMO, Actas de Sesiones, Libro 1, 1564-1642 [Jan 1, 1565: Election of alcalde ordinario and hermandad de mesta; renaming Diego Díaz and Calvo; election goes to Pedro Sánchez de Chaves; Bartolomé Sánchez, regidor];

?Daughter:

AGI, Pasajeros, L.4, E.1110 [March 4, 1561, Francisca López, native of Córdoba, daughter of Pedro Hernández Calvo y Francisca López, to Nueva España donde residía su marido, Bartolomé de Madrid]