Diego Madrid Avendaño

Brief Biography: 
Diego Madrid Avendaño was born around 1511 in Toledo (Toledo province) to Diego de Madrid and Çeçilia de la Fuente. Diego received a license to travel to Veragua to serve as a sergeant under Captain Felipe Gutiérrez, as did fellow expeditionary Pedro Pascual. By 1537 he had gotten to Mexico City. Diego was present at the 1540 muster and was listed as Diego Madrid, an unassigned horseman. Although most of the documentary record refers to him as Diego Madrid, his grandson referred to him as Diego Madrid Avendaño, which may, in fact, be a more complete name. Upon his return from Tierra Nueva, Diego held various governmental offices, including the weigh master for the mint. It may be that all the entries for Diego Madrid refer to the expeditionary, especially because he himself stated that he had a corregimiento.
Gender: 
Male
Title (Y/N): 
No
Date of Birth: 
ca. 1511
AGE-1540: 
29
Age Set: 
25-35
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Toledo
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
Toledo
Died on the Expedition?: 
No
Last Known Location: 
Mexico City
European Social Status: 
Commoner
Position on Expedition: 
Horseman
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere: 
No
Post Expedition Occupation: 
Alcalde Mayor
Corregidor
Residence After Expedition: 
Mexico City
Married: 
Yes
Name of Spouse: 
Beatriz Méndez de Sotomayor
Name of Children: 
Licenciado Esteban de Porras; Juan Méndez de Sotomayor, Cecilia de la Fuente, Isabel Méndez, doña Mayor de la Fuente, María de Sotomayor, Mariana de la Fuente, doña Beatriz de Sotomayor
Ability to sign name: 
Yes
Relatives: 
father:Diego de Madrid; mother:Çeçilia de la Fuente; brother: Pedro de Madrid
References-Documentary: 

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [3 horses, native arms]

González-Leal, Relación Secreta  [p. 57-67: Pobladores sin indios: a Diego de Madrid];

AGI, Justicia, 258, pieza 1, “Visita hecha al Virrey, 1544”  [fol. 767v: Ucareo and Araro: 10 July 1545, Diego Madrid, 120 peso salary; Yzmiguilpa: 9 July 1544, teniente corregidor, Diego Madrid, 120 peso salary]

AGI, México, 204, N.21 [Méritos y servicios de Diego de Madrid, México, June 1, 1546, estante: mi padre, Diego de Madrid; mi madre, Çecilia de la Fuente; they lived together in matrimony in Toledo; has a casa poblada in México; married and has children by 1546; was entrusted by Mendoza with "la guarda de la casa de moneda de México;" witness Francisco del Rincón answers to question 4, "a visto que el dicho diego de madrid a ydo en el descubrimiento de la tierra nueva," in 1546 is corregidor of an unnamed pueblo; discharges the office of "balançario de la casa de la moneda"; witness Juan de Santa Cruz, boticario, says that Madrid came to Nueva España 10 years before (that is, in 1536); Madrid served in the "guerra de Veragua under Capitán Felipe Gutiérrez [2/1535]; witness Juan de Cepeda, natural de Toledo, is about 35 years old; este testigo "fue con el [Madrid]" a Cíbola];

AGI, México, 1064, L.1\1,  “Informes” [fol.182r] = Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:11325 = AGI, Pasajeros, L.2, E.65 = Icaza, Diccionario, #620 [New World in 1535] [1547, vecino of Mexico City; native of Toledo; son of Diego de Madrid and Çeçilia de la Fuente; came to these places in 1537; casa poblada with armas and horses; he can be found in the musters; went to Cíbola and spent alot; married with son and daughter; no encomienda; to Veragua with Governor Felipe Gutiérrez, 18 Feb. 1535; was a sargento in Veragua; alcalde mayor of a villa; has a corregimiento];

AGI, Indiferente General, 1208, N.26 [Jan 13, 1548, Diego de Madrid; Pedro de Madrid, brother, Diego de Madrid is the son of Diego de Madrid, citizen of Toledo, estante in Mexico City, Fernán Pérez de la Fuente, Antonio Álvarez, Lope de Chinchilla, Pedro de Madrid fol. 1r.; 29 May 1546, poder, fol. 3r];

1550-1560:

AGI, Justicia, 1021, N.2, Pieza 5, “Relación sacada de la probanza, 1551”  [witness:México, end of 1547 and early 1548 (por parte); vecino de México, native of Toledo, about 36 years old; was not present for fighting at beseiged pueblo because he was on the road from Cíbola to Tiguex; could sign his name (no signature on copy)];

AGI, México, 206, N.35 [for Cristóbal de Escobar; more than 40 in 1561 (almost 50?); took Escobar’s residencia in 1559; vecino of México; has seen Escobar in Nueva España for 17 years; signed and read his testimony-no signature on copy);

APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [II: fol.4r: 24 May 1552 Diego de Madrid and Beatriz Méndes baptize Mayor]

?AGGEC, Caja 1, carpeta 4, doc. 85 [p.48: May 11, 1551: debt; a Diego de Madrid [Avendaño?], and a Francisco Temiño, both estantes en el pueblo de Atoyaque, Pueblos de Ávalos];

?AGGEC, Caja 1, carpeta 4, doc. 86 [p.48:[July 1, 1551: debt; a Diego de Madrid [Avendaño?], and a Francisco Temiño, both estantes en el pueblo de Atoyaque, Pueblos de Ávalos];

?AGGEC, Caja 1, carpeta 4, doc. 87 [p.49: May 11, 1551: poder for collection of tribute granted by a Diego Rivera, who is a cesonario of an Alonso Álvarez, vecino of the minas de Sultepeque; a Diego de Madrid [Avendaño?], and a Francisco Temiño, both estantes en el pueblo de Atoyaque, Pueblos de Ávalos]

?AGI, Contaduría, 663B [payments to corregidores y tenientes de corregidor: to a Diego de Madrid, as corregidor of the pueblos of Jonotla and Tetela, for his first year of service which ended April 8, 1553, as corregidor of Jonotla 200 pesos for his second year of service ending in April 1554, as corregidor of Jonotla and Tetela 66 pesos for the first third of his third year of service ending in August 1554, paid 66 pesos again for the second third of his third year of service ending in December 1554, and again for the third ending in April 1555, and as corregidor de Teutalpa and Yztepeque paid 200 pesos for his first year of service in this office ending in October 1556];

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.4, exp. s/n, 1554 [fol. 88v: November 1554: Diego de Madrid, corregidor del pueblo de Xulutla (also Jonotla), is informed that many Indians of the pueblo are not attending church; Madrid is directed to investigate and punish if necessary];

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.4, exp. 57, 1555 [fols. 116v – 117r: May 1554: comisión a Diego Madrid, corregidor del pueblo de Jonotla; Madrid is directed to go to the pueblos of Juitlapa, Tlapayula, and Yztepeque and  “poner los dichos pueblos en toda orden”];

?AGI, Contaduría, 663B [Payments en quitas: to Diego de Madrid, corregidor de Jonotla, 60 pesos paid in 1555, for 49 days spent taking account of the pueblos of Xuxupango and Matlaquitlan];

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.4, exp. 65, 1555 [fol. 119r: May 1554: Diego de Madrid is corregidor de los pueblos de Jonotla and Tetela, to which he is sent to investigate an issue concerning the governor]

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.4, exp. s/n, 1555 [fols. 216r y v: September 1555: a Diego de Madrid is corregidor de Gueyilalpa? [probably Gueytalpa]; he is sent to investigate a dispute at the pueblo];

?AGI, Contaduría, 663B [Payments en quitas: to Diego de Madrid, corregidor of Gueytalpa, 16 pesos, for 16 days he spent taken an accounting of the pueblo de Metateyuca (PUE), authorized in May 1556]

?AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1557 [Other grants: Diego de Madrid, corregidor of Teutalpa, 36 pesos, for making a visita in Chila; and, corregidor of Tuetalco, 100 pesos, for his work in Tonacapa and Matlaquet, 10 Sept 1556-10 Sept 1557];

?AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1559 [Misc. payments: Diego de Madrid, corregidor of Teutalpa and Yztepeque, 100 pesos, 8 Oct 1557-8 Oct. 1558; and, 100 pesos, to defray expenses, 10 Oct 1558-10 Oct 1559; Diego de Madrid, corregidor of Teutalpa and Yztepeque, and the interpreter MartínDíaz for 20 days during the visita for the pueblo of Atempa, 40 pesos]

1560-1570:

Valderrama, Cartas, #28, p.216 [1564, a Madrid; neither conqueror nor poblador; official silk dealer; has his office in the casa de la moneda; corregidor];

?AGI, Contaduría, 667A [amounts received for tributes, 1562: Diego de Madrid purchases 600 fanegas of tribute corn from Tlaxcala, and also una carga de ropa del pueblo de Tlanocoten en Pánuco, plus 300 fanegas of corn from Guanajuato, and 60 fanegas of wheat, plus una carga de ropa de Tonatico y Setusco, and 100 fanegas of wheat from Tabalilpa, plus 100 fanegas of wheat from Atengo, and 32 fanegas of corn from Tlacotepeque, also dos cargas de ropa from Tonatico];

?AGI, Contratación, 472, N.2, R.6 [Mexico City, 1567; a provision of the will is that a Diego de Madrid, vecino ques es de esta dicha ciudad de México, be paid 15 pesos]

?AGI, Contaduría, 667A [ tributos, 1563: a Diego de Madrid buys 200 fanegas of tribute corn from Iztlavaca for 95 pesos, plus 372 fanegas of corn from Teucintlan for 139 pesos, Diego de Madrid, corregidor del pueblo de Ucicilapa, pays 206 pesos of tribute on behalf of those Indians, and he pays 225 pesos for 120 fanegas de maiz from Chilchota (MICH), Madrid also buys 135 fanegas de trigo de Tasasalca for 97 pesos];

?AGI, Contaduría, 663A [an accounting of condenaciones resulting from procesos, from the residencia of Diego de Madrid, as corregidor of Ucicilapa, in 1565, 6 pesos]

?AGI, Contaduría, 663A [Mexico City, March 1569, an accounting of condenaciones resulting from procesos, from a residencia of Diego de Madrid, as alcalde mayor of the pueblo de Xalapa, in December 1568, 213 pesos]

1580-1590:

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD8, Archivo Histórico de Hacienda, Legajo 1486, exp.498 [fol. 1:Madrid Avendaño, Diego de, Alcalde Mayor de Tecomac, Tomacuxtla y su partido, contiene en folio 502, Año: 1587]

?AHJO, Teposcolula, Penal, 2, exp. 29 [Santiago de Telupa, Misteca Alta, 1580, Diego de Avendaño, corregidor, Pedro Sánchez is mayordomo of the estancia of ganado menor in Tamaçulapa and Manuel Hernández, español, alguacil mayor, is the mayordomo for the priests in Texupa];

?Acuña, Relaciones Geográficas: Antequera, Tomo II y III [3:219: Texupa…[October 1579] a Diego de Avendaño is corregidor (apparently does not sign)]

Relatives: AGI, Patronato, 87, N.2, R.2 [1618, méritos y servicios, Diego Madrid Avendaño, México, Cíbola] [petition by Juan de Porras y Ulloa, nieto de Diego Madrid Avendaño] [Madrid Avendaño was vecino de México; wife: Beatriz Méndez de Sotomayor] [Diego’s parents were Diego Fernández de Madrid and Cecilia de la Fuente; grandparents: Lope Fernández de Avendaño and Aldonza de Salcedo] [especialmente... Diego de madrid avendaño Padre del licenciado (Esteban de) Porras fue uno de los Primeros pobladores de esta ciudad de México y conquistador de las provincias de Cíbola adonde sirvio el officio de alférez mayor de El General Phelippe Gutiérrez [in Veragua] y de las provincias de higueras] [witness: Baltasar de la Cadena [more than 80 years old, vecino de México]: de la tercera pregunta dixo que como dicho tiene este testigo conosció en esta dicha ciudad al dicho diego de madrid avendaño puede haber mas tiempo de cincuenta años y fue tenido por uno de los pobladores de esta ciudad de mexico e oyo decir a algunas de los conquistadores de esta nueva españa de cuyos nombres no se acuerda que el dicho diego de madrid avendaño habia servido a su magestad en las jornadas que refiere la pregunta y remitese este testigo a las probanzas que refiere la pregunta y esto responde];

Dorantes de Carranza, Sumaría relación, 277 [children: Licenciado Esteban de Porras, relator of the audiencia, married doña Isabel Solis de Ulloa and had don Juan de Porras y Ulloa, then married his niece, doña Isabel (daughter of his sister Cecilia); Juan Méndez de Sotomayor; Cecilia de la Fuente; Isabel Méndez; doña Mayor de la Fuente; María de Sotomayor; Maríana de la Fuente; doña Beatriz de Sotomayor]

Other Info:  Piferrer, Nobiliario, 3:67, #1224 [family name Avendaño from province of Vascongadas, went to Mojica, Arteaga and Urquizu; awarded Villa Real de Álava and its aldeas; escudo of azur and una camisa morisca, clavadas en ella tres flechas manchadas de sangre]