don Alonso Manrique de Lara

Brief Biography: 
Don Alonso Manrique de Lara was one of the more distinguished members of the Expedition. Born to don Alonso Manrrique and doña Catalina de Aragón, he was a native Valladolid (Valladolid province). Don Alonso started his career in the New World in various conflicts: Tabasco, Yucatán and the conquest of Chontales, then on to La Plata in July 1535 with Pedro de Mendoza and finally by 1536 he was in New Spain. He was present at the 1540 muster as a sobresaliente. No sooner had the Expedition returned to New Spain, than don Alonso was detailed to the Villalobos expedition to the Philippines. After returning to Lisbon from that voyage in 1548, he apparently headed straight back to New Spain. Don Alonso served in several governmental posts until his death around 1558 (certainly before 1562).
Title: 
don
Gender: 
Male
Title (Y/N): 
Yes
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Valladolid
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
Valladolid
Date of Death: 
about 1558
Died on the Expedition?: 
No
Last Known Location: 
Veracruz, Mexico
European Social Status: 
Don
Position on Expedition: 
Horseman
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere: 
Yes
Post Expedition Occupation: 
Alcalde Mayor
Corregidor
Residence After Expedition: 
Philippines, Veracruz and Guacaqualco (Mexico)
Ability to sign name: 
Yes
Relatives: 
father: don Alonso Manrrique; mother: doña Catalina de Aragón
References-Documentary: 

1530-1540:

AGI, Justicia, 258, pieza 1, “Relación de los salarios” [fol. 799v: a don alonso manrrique...cxx pesos]

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [don Alonso Manrique, 3 horses, native arms, Castilian arms and armor, head armor, elk hide jacket]

Castañeda in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 28  [caballero, don Alonso Manrique de Lara];

AGI, Patronato, 23, R.10 [Relación del viaje de Ruy López de Villalobos: Filipinas, 1542 [actually written between 1546 and 1549]; the fleet departed from el puerto de Juan Gallego on the día de todos santos, 1542 (thus, even people who completed the whole of the Coronado expedition could have sailed with Villalobos); día de los reyes, 1543, before reaching the Philippines the galera went down in a storm; then on January 23 they encountered natives who spoke Spanish; 6 Spaniards died in battle on an island south of Cesareas; they found "buenas piesas de porcelana;" a Francisco Merino, who had been maestre de campo, is mentioned as being killed, as well as other españoles; he is replaced by Iñigo Ortíz; a Pedro de Ramos, natural de la montaña del valle de Trasmyera deserted; don Alonso Manrique was left in charge when Villalobos traveled to Tidore; the relación is all written by García de Escalante Alvarado; the royal officials along with Manrique (a capitán) "con todo el campo o la mayor parte del" accuse Villalobos of dealing with the Portuguese; Villalobos died of a fever on Good Friday, 1546; fols. 18v and 19r include a "Memoria de los castellanos que son vivos del armada de vuestra ilustrisima señoría;" on that list are don Alonso Manrique, Guido de Labozares, an Alonso Jiménez (not the expeditionary), a Diego López (not the expeditionary), a Juan Pérez, a Martín Sánchez, a Benavente, a Diego Sánchez de Cíbola [has to be the expeditionary], a Pero González, a Francisco de Simancas (probably the expeditionary), a Lorenzo Suárez de Figueroa (brother of Gómez Suárez de Figueroa?), a Juan Gómez, a Juan Gallego, a Juan Gutiérrez de la Caballería (son of Diego Gutiérrez de al Caballería?), a Tórres, Pedro Martín de la Bermeja [must be our man with such an odd name], an Hernán Pérez, a Juan de Morales; latest date in document is in Lisbon August 1, 1548];

Varela, El viaje de don Ruy López de Villalobos [p.23: "Carta de fray Gerónimo de Santisteban a don Antonio de Mendoza de Cochin, en la India de Portugal, a 22 de Enero de 1547," AGI, Patronato, 20, N. 5, R. 12, the expedition departed from the puerto de Juan Gallego on November 1, 1542; of 370 españoles who began the voyage, only 117 reached Malaca in 1546; p.38: BNM, Res., 18, relación anónimo (reports only on the first year of the voyage); p.35-115, don Alonso Manrique, natural de Valladolid, chiquito de cuerpo, was captain of the fourth navío, San Juan de Letran; Guido de Labasares, natural de Sevilla, was contador for Mendoza (as opposed to the king); 39: says that 396 españoles started the voyage, who took more than 400 negros, indios y indias de servicio; they carried arcabuzes y ballestas and cosas de rescates: terciopelos de colores, rasos, tafetanes, granas, otros paños de colores, lienzos, espejos, cuchillos, tijeras, cascaveles, cuentas de vidrio, bacinicas; 40: according to this version, the party heard mass at La Navidad on November 22, 1542 and swore an oath; puerto de Juan Gallego (also called Puerto Santo) is 14 leagues north of La Navidad; in the first quarter of 1543 Alonso Manrique was desperately ill with a malady he had been suffering since embarkation from Nueva España, still not well in August (103); 92, a likely brother of Alonso Manrique, don Jorge Manrique, was also on the voyage as captain of the navío Santa María del Parral, which was lost in June 1543; 109, the Spaniards dug a well 4 estados deep with swords and daggers "en medio del real" while they were besieged; 111, a Martín Sánchez was maestre de la capitana; apparently restored to health, don Alonso Manrique became much more active in the last third of 1543; 114, at the conclusion of one year 86 españoles and about 250 indios e indias had died; 185, "Pleito en la Audiencia de la Real Chancillería de Nueva España ante el escribano mayor Antonio de Turcios, por el licenciado Cristóbal de Benavente, fiscal de la misma, sobre el incumplimiento de la Capitulaciones celebradas entre Carlos I de España y Juan III en Zaragoza el 22 de Abril de 1529," does not give archival source (AGI, Patronato?); two witnesses are Guido de Labazares and Alonso Manrique; the testimonies are abridged, lacking replies to the generales]

Escalante Alvarado, Relación del viaje [p.145-46: Villalobos expedition, an Alonso de Lara is listed, as is don Alonso Manrique, el capitán (these may be the same person); also listed is a Pedro Martín de la Bermeja [certainly the expeditionary]; also a Juan Morales]

AGI, México, 1064, L.1\1, “Informes”  [fol.279v: don Alonso; son of don Alonso Manrrique and doña Catalina de Aragón, vecinos of Valladolid; 15 years since he went to Rio de la Plata with don Pedro de Mendoza (cousin to Mendoza) [July 1535], 1534; and 14 since coming to Nueva España; served in the pacification of Tabasco and in the helping of those in Yucatán [1533]; was on the jornada to Cíbola; pacification of Nueva Galicia; on the jornada de las Indias del Poniente; in everything he went at his own cost and in most of them as captain where he spent the amount he had; from this moment is in debt and suplicasele agravio en el repartimiento atento que quiere permanecer in the tierra and serve HM, like he always has done];

Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:12150 [to México, 1536; with Villalobos to Philippinés, 1542-1547; [alcalde mayor Coatzacoalco and Tabasco, 1550] =  Icaza, Diccionario, #1369

AGI, México, 1089, L.4 [fol. 35r: 28-11-1548, real cédula a Antonio de Mendoza...ordenándole que, conforme al capítulo de las Nuevas Leyes que se inserta, provea de un corregimiento a don Alonso Manrique (extracto);

AGI, Indiferente General, 1964, L.11 [fol.121v: November 11, 1548 [licencia para pasar a Nueva España con cuatro criados a don Alonso Manrique]

1550-1560:

AGI, Justicia, 202, N.1, R.1 [Sebastián Rodríguez en nombre de Inés Álvarez de Gibraleón muger que fue de Francisco Rodríguez de Zacatula difunto; a witness in December 1550 in the ciudad de México is don Alonso Manrique, natural de Valladolid, estante en México, more than 25 years old; has known Labazares for 12 years (since 1538 or so); says that "el dicho Guido de Labazares ha servido a su magestad en todo lo que se ha ofrecido en el tiempo que a que este testigo le connosce y ha visto que ha prestado dineros y dado otras cosas a capitanes y soldados que han ydo en las armadas de su magestad de esta nueva españa asi en la de çibola como en las yslas del maluco y que hasta hoy mucha parte de ello no se le ha pagado y se le deve;" Manrique says that he himself went to the Moluccas and that Guido de Labazares went as contador; Manrique can sign (no signature)];

Álvarez, Diccionario de Conquistadores [p.324: 1550, alcalde mayor in Tabasco; 1553, alcalde mayor in Veracruz];

Epistolario de Nueva España, vol.7  [p.38: appointed alcalde mayor in Veracruz];

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD100, Reales Cédulas, vol.1, exp.30, 1550 [fols. 42v – 44r: September, 18 1550: grant of the alcaldía mayor de Tabasco to don Alonso Manrique at a salary of 400 pesos per year; he is already alcalde mayor de la provincia de Guazaqualco; his instructions are included: he has to determine whether tribute assessments are burdensome; there are specific instructions for individual pueblos, for instance, the Indians of Cimatlán, who have just recently come to peace, are to be exempted from payment of tribute for a certain time; Manrique must investigate this case];

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.3, exp. 376, 1550 [fol. 130v: August 22, 1550: instruction to the alguacil mayor de México and tenedor de los bienes de difuntos concerning Rodrigo Álvarez, who has died in México intestate and left a key to a trunk (cofre) that belongs to a minor child and two acknowledgements of debt, as well as a key to the royal caja; order is given that the key to the caja is to be delivered to don Alonso Manrique, who has been named alcalde mayor de la provincia de Guazalcalco; the other key and the acknowledgements are to be delivered to Juan de Solís, who is a vecino de Tabasco and has brought a poder to collect Álvarez’s possessions];

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.3, exp. 455, 1550 [fol. 167r: October 8, 1550: don Alonso Manrique is named alcalde mayor de Tabasco with a salary of 400 pesos de oro común];

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.3, exp. 743, 1551 [fol. 291v: March 1551: Ayuda de costa of 200 pesos to don Alonso Manrique; his term as corregidor of “los pueblo que dexo Juan Méndez de Sotomayor en la provincia de Guaçaqualco” and as alcalde mayor “en la dicha villa y provincia” is extended another year; as is standard, Manrique is directed to live in the province; he complains about not being able to support himself on the designated salary];

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.4, exp. 89, 1554 [fols. 26v – 27r: May 1554: don Alonso Manrique is now alcalde mayor en la ciudad y puerto de la vera cruz; Manrique is ordered to return 6 pipas de vino to the master of a nao that has recently arrived in port;

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.4, exp. 127, 1554 [fols. 37v – 38r:June 1554: don Alonso Manrique, alcalde mayor de Veracruz, is to send the register of wine that has come into the port by ship to the viceroy (how much, to whom consigned, etc.);

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.4, exp. 204, 1554 [fol. 65r: September 1554: don Alonso Manrique, who has been appointed alcalde mayor de la ciudad de Veracruz y corregidor del pueblo de Tocayuca, has completed two years of service in these posts, is to remain temporarily on duty there “administrando justicia”];

AGI, Contaduría, 663B [payments to corregidores y tenientes de corregidor: to don Alonso Manrique, alcalde mayor que fue de la Veracruz, 600 pesos, for two years of service as alcalde mayor of Veracruz and corregidor of Tecayuca ending in February 1555]

1560-70:

AGI, Contratación, 1060, N.11 [Privilegios de juros, 1561; del Convento de Santa Clara de la villa de Tordesillas por bienes de don Alonso Manrique, difunto; November 1558: la flota que vino por capitán general Pedro de las Roelas…lo que en ella vino de la provincia  de nueva españa vino por bienes de don Alonso Manrique difunto 1,135 pesos, 4 tomines en las naos de myguel de oquendo y baltasar núñez y Martín Sánchez en partida de siete mill y quinientos pesos de bienes de difuntos…por sentencia dada en el audiencia en esta casa se adjudicaron y mandaron dar al monesterio monjas e convento del monesterio de santa clara la rreal de tordesillas para que los hayan con los cargos e gravamenes contenidos en la clausula hereditaria en la qual dicha sentencia se mando que vaya inserta en esta certificación la dicha clausula su thenor de la qual es esta que se sigue: cumplido e pagado este mi testamento y las mandas en el quedas dexo e nonbro por my unyversal heredero al monesterio de santa clara del horden del señor sant francisco de la ciudad de tordesillas de los reinos de castilla donde es religiosa doña Angela Manrique mi hermana con cargo que a doña Ana y a doña marya y a doña ysabel mis hermanas religiosas en el barco de avila y una en Santa gadea de burgos les de de vestir para tunicas çamaros çuecos nuevo y a la dicha doña Angela ansimismo con cargo que ganen su santidad breve para que sean traydos los huesos de mi padre que estan en la villa de Avila para que se sepulten en el dicho monesterio de santa clara para que sepultados en el rremanyente de mis bienes se a hecho en renta perpetua para que con la renta  de ella se digan en el dicho monesterio las misas que en ella cupieron por mi anyma y de mis padres…y dexo por tenedor de todos mys bienes en esta nueva españa al dicho señor don Francisco de velasco al qual supo y encargo lo Açepte para que despues de Recogidos y benefiçiados todos mys bienes lo envie a los reinos de castilla Registrados A rriesgo de mi heredero segun dicho es para el dicho efecto a la casa de la Contratación de sevilla para que de alli aya el dicho monesterio…y lo fize aqui e my nombre y al pie de cada plana don Alonso manrrique; 292,196 maravedíes];

AGI, Contratación, 576, L.5 [frame 90r: don Alonso Manrrique; 20 June 1562 164,245 maravedis; 89v-native of Valladolid debe en 30 June 1562, 164,245 marvedis delivered to Rodrigo de Colmenares, estante en esta ciudad en nombre del monesterio monjas y convento del monesterio de Santa Clara la rreal de la villa de Tordesillas como heredero]

Other Info: Piferrer, Nobiliario, 4:99, #1697 [Manriques de Lara, condes de Treviño, modified Lara arms; escudo of silver, 2 calderas jaqueladas of gold and sable, with 7 serpent heads in each one of the 2 asas];

Lara: Piferrer, Nobiliario, 3:10-18, #1130 [One of the 5 principal houses of Castile; descended from Pedro, Duke of Cantabria and Prince of the milicia goda, descendants of the Gothic kings Leovigildo and Recaredo, father of Alonso the Catholic and Fruela, Duke of Cantabria; joined with the Manriques]

Relatives?: ?AGI, Pasajeros, L.5, E.1060 [June 30, 1568, don Alonso Manrique, natural de Sevilla, a Nueva España, como criado del virrey Enríquez];

?Otte, Cartas Privadas ,#529 [Guamanga, Peru, July 22, 1568; Rodrigo Álvarez to his brother Baltasar Álvarez in Badajoz; never married; he tells him "antes que os vengais llegareis a Ribera o a Galisca (?) donde quiera que don Alonso Manrique mi senor y mi senora dona Inés estuvieren;"];

?AGI, Contratación, 717, N.1, R.3 [don Alonso Manrique, vecino de Sevilla (collación de San Vicente), con Juan de Alvendín, maestre, sobre cobranza de una partida de oro, 1578; this don Alonso Manrique [a nephew or other relative?] states that in 1576, in Nombre de Dios, he delivered to Alvendin “un tejo de oro de veinte y dos quilates [960 pesos];” Manrique signs a statement in Sevilla in 1578 (have signature), Antonio de Melgosa is contador in the Casas de la Contratación; a witness, Francisco de Narváez, marinero, has known Manrique only six months; a sailor Domingo Bello has known Manrique 6 or 7 years; Alvendin is required to pay Manrique the value of his gold; his ship has been lost on Cuba; other such claims were made at the same time against Alvendin’s goods];

?Acuña, Relaciones Geográficas: Nueva Galicia  [1585, Poncitlan: doña Ana Manrique (has an estancia de ganado menor) (p.198)];

?Diccionario enciclopédico Espasa [32:983- "Alfonso Manrique de Lara, Cardenal español, hijo der Rodrigo Manrique, primer conde de Paredes, m. en 1538. Fué nombrado obispo de Badajoz por la reina Isabel, mas al morir ésta...Carlos V...le nombró sucesivamente obispo de Córdoba, arzobispo de Sevilla é inquisidoe general. En 1531 el le concedió Papa el capelo cardenalicio, á instancia de Carlos V."];

?González Rodríguez, Historia de Badajoz [p.247: "Para sustanciar responsibilidades y zanjar el levantamiento comunero, en 1523 se deslazaron a badajoz don alonso Manrique, entonces obispo de Sevilla y poco antes pacense, y Diego Hernández de Córdoba, Conde de Cabra, ambos de plena confianza de Carlos I, quienes liquidaron la cuestión con menos rigor que en las ciudades castellanas...penas de destierro y expropiación de bienes."];

?Sánchez Gordillo, Memorial Sumario de los Arsobispos [p. 247-52: El Arçobispo don Alonso Manrique; born, Toledo; father, don Rodrigo Manrique, maestre de Santiago; mother, doña Elvira Castañeda; brother, don Jorge Manrique, poet; don Alonso was first canónigo de Toledo; was granted ayuda de costa de 60,000 maravedíes to study at the Universidad de Salamanca; in 1488 he decided to enter the order of San Agustín, but the friars chose not to accept him; he was maestre escuela in Salamanca, the bishop of Badajoz, then of Córdoba, the Inquisitor General (when Adriano VI became pope); in Córdoba he worked especially at converting the Moors; he traveled to Flanders in 1509 and was present in the court of Carlos V; in 1523 he was named Archbishop of Sevilla; he assumed the position in May 1524; he was made cardenal in 1530 by Pope Clement VII; he waited on the empress in Toledo; the empress wanted a woman named doña Luisa de Acuña to entered a convent, but don Alonso helped her secretly to marry don Manrique de Lara, duque de Nájera; had a dispute with the emperor over the bishopric of Toledo and returned to Sevilla, where he remained until his death, in the Palacio Arzobispal on September 28, 1538; having being interred in the catedral de Sevilla for 21 years, his body was moved to the Convento de Santa Clara de la villa de Calabazanos (sepulcro de su linaje)];

?Fantazzi, De conscribendis epistolis [Includes the information that Vives was the tutor of Rodrigo Manrique, natural son of Archbishop Alonso Manrique de Lara];

?Keniston, Francisco de los Cobos [p.202: Antonio Manrique de Lara is the duque de Nájera, one of the grandes de España in the fall of 1537];

?Instituto Hispano-Cubano, “Archivo de Protocolos de Sevilla” [II:387: #1636, Oficio XIII (Luis), Libro I, a don Alonso Manrique, vecino de Sevilla, is among a large group involved in a suit concerning taxes having to do with a nao and the Casa de la Contratación, August 16, 1580]