fray Juan de Padilla

Brief Biography: 
The Franciscan, fray Juan de Padilla, was an early resident of New Spain. Prior to the Expedition, he was mainly in western Mexico. Although he and the other religious were not listed on the 1540 muster, it is highly likely that they were present for it. When the decision was made that the Expedition would return to New Spain, fray Juan remained behind to preach to the Natives. With a few Black servants, converted Natives, and at least one Spaniard, Andrés de Campo, he returned to Quivira. He was killed there shortly afterwards.
Gender: 
Male
Date of Death: 
1542-Kansas
Death Details Known?: 
Yes
Died on the Expedition?: 
Yes
Last Known Location: 
Quivira (Kansas)
European Social Status: 
Religious
Position on Expedition: 
Religious
Pre-Expedition Occupation: 
Ecclesiastic
Ability to sign name: 
Yes
References-Documentary: 

pre-1530:

?Romero de Solís, Andariegos  [arrived in Veracruz in August 1524, proceeded to Colima to hook up with Francisco Cortés in his reconnaissance of northern lands]

Hillerkuss, Diccionario Biográfico [II:93-94: early 1528 went to convert the Indians of Michoacán, by request from Alonso de Estrada]

1530-1540:

Tello, Libro Segundo [p.67: was with Guzmán at conquest of Nueva Galicia; p.68: consented to having the Cazonsi's hands cut off; p.88: preached in Tuchpan, 1531; p.100: with Guzmán, baptizing the Indians of Xuchipil; p.134: went to Chiametla with Guzmán, 1531; p.189: 1532-returned to the provincia de Avalos; p.136: 1531-among those founders of San Miguel de Culiacán; p.137: 1531-came from Culiacán, founded the convent of the Franciscan Order in Tonalán along with Andrés de Córdoba; p.158: in Atztatlán in 1532; p.189:converted the Indians in the provincia of Avalos, 1532; p.201-204: converted the Indians at Tzapotlán in 1533; p.223:1535 in the province of Avalos; p.318: came from Tzapotlan to go on expedition; p.406: preaching at Tzapotitlan; p.531:was the preacher at Tzapotlan, Amula and Avalos; p.309: 1538-in Tzapotlan; p.484-486: went to Quivira; p.487-491: hijo de la santa provincia de Andalucia; primer guardian of Tulantzingo in the provincia of Santo Evangelio; went to Michoacán with fray Martín de Jesus; 1532-converting Indians in Tzapoltan; in the provincia of Tlamatzolan, Tuchpan, Tzapotitlan, Coliman, Xicotlan, Caulan, provincia de Avalos; went with Guzmán to Tierra Caliente; guardian in the provincia of Tzapotlan; was one of the two friars (along with fray Onorato) who saw the land adentro and reported to Niza and Mendoza; remained as caudillo and prelado of the frailes who stayed in Tierra Nueva; p.494: cross found by fray Bernardino Beltrán at Acoma erected by Padilla; p.536:converted the Indians at laguna de Chapala/Chapalac; p.190 [fray Juan de Badillo went to Tlaltenango to baptize Indians];

AGI, Contratación, 4675, L.5 [fols. 335r-336r: 1530 - 1537] [fray juan de granada y otros frayles franziscos] [La Reyna / ...fuy informada que convenya y hera necesario que se hiziese y edifficase monasterio de la horden de san francisco en las provincias de ssanta marta E veneçuela E nicaragua Al guardian del monsterio de san francisco de essa Çiudad que de los Religiosos  que de su horden habia de passar A aquellas tierras proVeyesse que fuesen A cada Una de las dichas provyncias Cada seys Religiossos con Un guardian E a Vosotros mande que los faVoreçiessedes en su pasaje...Agora fray juan de granada de la dicha horden de san francisco Comysario general de la ysla española E nueVa españa me hizo Relaçion  que syendos notificada nuestra çedula Respondistes...Vos el nuestro tesorero deys E pagueys a los dichos Religiossos que asy fuesen a las dichas provyncias...issued at Madrid, November 20, 1532] [June 14, 1533, el tesorero released a fray juanes de san antonyo E fray eustachio E fray estevan E fray dionyssio E fray juan de santa cruz E fray simon E fray pedro Cocheo E fray Roche E fray honorato E fray Antonyo saco E fray  juan de teztanga E fray juan de padilla E fray Bartolomé de Valencia E fray myguel de parina que son todos dies E seys frayles Religiossos de la horden de san francisco nonbrados por fray juan de granada de la horden Comysario general de la ysla española E nueva españa treynta E doss myll maravedíes];

Amaya Topete, Bioteca de Occidente [p.195: Zapoltlán Pueblo indio al norte del volcán de Colima...en 1533...llegó fray Juan de Padilla derroncando ídolos y levantando templos, encomendero was Juan de Zaldívar, who received it from his uncle Juan de Oñate; this is where Pedro de Alvarado was when Juan de Villareal reached him with a request for help from Guadalajara]

1540-1550:

Castañeda in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 28 [fol. 126v: stayed in Quivira and was killed and buried there]

Other info: Chávez, Oroz Codex [p.282 n5:Padilla was at Tzitzuntzan sometime after 1525; p.288 n24:with Guzmán in Nueva Galicia, 1530-32?; p.312:Padilla from Andalucía; p.312-313: first guardián of the convento at Tulancingo; p.313:guardián at Zapotlán in Michoacán when he left for Cíbola];

Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:12928a [Andalucia; first guardian Tulancingo; to Jalisco 1537 or earlier] [Franciscan; killed by Indians in 1560 [should be 1542];

Chávez, Coronado’s Friars  [p.22:no Franciscans with Guzmán (therefore Juan de Padilla wasn’t); p.19: Juan de Padilla signed a letter at Texcoco in October 1529, along with Zumárraga and others; reference: Maríano Cuevas, Historia de la Iglesia de México, 1:457-58; p.21:as a guardian, Juan de Padilla, along with other friars, signed a letter to the king from Guatitlán, November 17, 1532, reference: Cartas de Indias, 54-61; p.24: also in 1532 Juan de Padilla, indignus guarianus, and other friars sent another letter to the kind, reference: García Icazbalceta, Nueva Colección, 2:177-86];

Flóres Tiscareño, Xalpa  [p. 69: "Cuando Nuño Beltrán de Guzmán organizó su expedición por el occidente del país, trajo en su ejército a dos franciscanos: Juan de Padilla y Andrés de Córdova. Concluidas las andanzas de Nuño, los frailes fundaron un convento en Tetlán, hoy Jalisco y desde ahí el primero [Padilla] atendió la necesidades espirituales del occidente (Colima)];

?Warren, Conquest of Michoacán [1527, accompanied fray Martín de Jesus to Michoacán, p.85];

Jones, Coronado and Quivira [p.157:signature];

Acuña, Relaciones Geográficas: Michoacán [p.394, 401:Tuchpan: 1580; Gerónimo Flores, alcalde mayor; Domingo de Xerez, scribe; discovered by Olid; fray Juan de Padilla founded the monastery in Zapotlan and Tamazula]