Juan de Plasencia

Brief Biography: 
Juan de Plasencia was a native of Murçia (in modern Murçia province) and the son of Juan García de Plasenzia and Ynés Gómez. He was in Mexico City by 1537. Juan was present at the 1540 muster as a footman. After the Expedition he was involved in mining activities in Taxco and elsewhere and maintained a Mexico City residence.
Gender: 
Male
Title (Y/N): 
No
Date of Birth: 
ca. 1510
AGE-1540: 
30
Age Set: 
25-35
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Murçia
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
Murçia
Died on the Expedition?: 
No
Last Known Location: 
Zimapan mines, Hidalgo, Mexico
European Social Status: 
Commoner
Position on Expedition: 
Footman
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere: 
No
Post Expedition Occupation: 
Miner
Residence After Expedition: 
Tasco mines and Mexico City
Married: 
Yes
Name of Children: 
1 son and 3 daughters
Ability to sign name: 
Yes
Relatives: 
father:Juan García de Plasenzia; mother:Ynés Gómez
References-Documentary: 

1530-1540:

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD61, Inquisición, vol.14, exp.21, 1537 [fol.164: case against Juan de Plasencia for saying he didn't believe in God, 17 April 1537; Mexico, married, promises not to commit any more blasphemies, signature copied, penalty: go to mass con una candela en la mano y descubierta la cabeca hincado de rodillas rezando un rozario, 20 pesos]

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [arquebus, native arms, footman]

González-Leal, Relación Secreta  [p. 57-67: Pobladores sin indios: includes a Juan de Plasencia]

AGI, Contratación, 197, N.21, R.22 [April 1545, Bartolomé Hernández, carpenter, deceased in Tasco; Hernandarias de Saavedra, alcalde mayor of the mines; Rodrigo Álvarez, purchased an item; Juan de Beteta purchased a capote pandillo con faxas de terciopelo, daga, talabarte; Juan Pérez, barbero purchased almoaca e talabarte de terciopelo viejo, zapatos, tenedor; Juan de Plazencia  purchased un guacal (basket), unas sueltas, cabecadas de la tierra, petaca de nequen e poco de sevo, 6 panos de mantas de la tierra, 16 barrena,  grande, another petaca, un escoplo and some palos for the petaca; Francisco González, 2 sierras pequenas; Hernán González, witness, estante in the mines of Tasco; Juan Franco, was in the office of defensor de los bienes of Bartolomé Hernández; witness: Francisco de Vargas, estante in the mines of Tasco; Francisco Gonzáles, merchant, son of Jorge Gonzáles; those asking for money from the estate: Francisco Gonzáles, don Luis de Castilla for a loan];

AGI, México, 1064, L.1\1, “Informes” [fol.200v] =Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:6694 = Icaza, Diccionario, #763 [Juan Plasencia, is vecino of the mines of Tasco; native of the city of Murçia; son of Juan García de Plasenzia and Ynés Gómez; 11 years in Nueva España; at the time he arrived there were many silver mines lost and he was sent as a ingenio of horses because there was a crisis; married with 3 daughters and 1 son; casa poblada; no mention of Vázquez de Coronado]

1550-1560:

Actas de Cabildo, Tomo III, Book 6, p.183 [9 Sept. 1555-Juan de Placencia, vecino granted a solar como vamos de las casas del senor arzobispo a las atarazanas, linde del acequia del agua que va hacia Santiago e linde de solar que dizen es del dean e con solar de Gonzalo Pérez e con casillas de Indios e por delante la Calle Real];

Catálogo, Resumen e Índices, AA80/1 [fol. 801/802v (73/76): México, 22 junio 1557, Venta, Juan Rubio, Miguel Sánchez Rubio, vecinos de las minas de Pachuca, estantes en México, hermanos, venden de mancomún a Diego de Villegas, vecino de México, 12 piezas de esclavos negros y negras llamados [...] Firmaron Testigos: Diego Alonso Larios, Juan de Plasencia y Pedro de Nájera, vecinos y estantes];

AGI, Justicia, 153, N.2, Pieza 1 [1554: witness for Francisco Hernández Chillón, Juan de Plazencia vecino of Mexico, estante in the Tasco mines, age 40+, signed his name-no signature on copy);

1560-1570:

AGI, Justicia, 162, N.2, Pieza 4 [18 Sept. 1540 [sic 1560] vecino of Mexico City, 50+, friend of Pedro de Sandoval];

Catálogo, Resumen e Índices [1565, Juan de Plasencia, vecino, otorga poder general a Tomás de Moya, vecino, ausente, y, especialmente, para que pueda revocar los poderes que hasta el día de la fecha haya dado a cualesquier personas, dejándolos en su buena honra y fama, y, si es necesario, el otorgante revoca el poder que tiene dado a Alonso de Alcohola y a Juan Rodríguez Zambrano, procuradores, dejándolos en su honra y buena fama y pide se les notifique esta revocación para que no usen de los tales poderes. Firmó. Testigos: Nicolás de Morales, Francisco Durán y Antonio de Saravia, vecinos];

AGI, Justicia, 162, N.2, Pieza 2 [23 Sept. 1562, Francisco Hernández Chillón y María de Sandoval vecinos de Mexico con doña Isabel Ruíz, witness: vecino of Mexico City, 50+, signed (no signature on copy)];

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.5-6, segunda parte, exp. s/n, 1563 [fols. 377v – 578v: July 1563: grant had been made to a Juan de Plasencia, vecino de México, of the exclusive right for three years to use his invention of an “ingenio de cerner metales de plata” and to “tejer las telas para el dicho ingenio de latón y cobre y hierro”  and “hacer unas desasogaderas,” but others are using his inventions without his permission or payment to him; orders are sent to the alcaldes mayores of the mines of Temaxcalteque, Taxco, Tlalpujahua, Pachuca, Guanajuato, and Sagualpa to see that this does not continue]

1570-1580:

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD61, Inquisición, vol.72, exp.7, 1570 [case against Manuel de Olvera, corregidor of Mizquiaguala, 16 Oct 1570, Mexico; witness: Juan de Plasencia, 60+ years old, was in the pueblo of Otucxa? taking the residencia of don Juan de Saavedra; mentions that Alonso Pérez was the encomendero of a pueblo near Mizquiaguala; signature copied; 13 Dec. in Mexico he says he knows all the people mention except Graviel López]

Acuña, Relaciones Geográficas: Mexico, Tomo I = AGI, Indiferente General, 1529, N.8\9 [Mines of Cimapan: 1579; Alejo de Murguía, juez repartidor of the mines; witnesses: Juan de Placencia (rubrica similiar to AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD61, Inquisición, vol.14, exp.21, 1537, signature copied), Francisco Hernández de la Puente; scribe-Antonio Ruíz Beltrán; interpreter-Garci Gómez; indios-Pedro Nicolás, alcalde of Santiago, San Pedro, San Juan and interpreter of Otomi; don Martín, principal of San Pedro; Francisco Ximénes, principal of San Juan; don Francisco, principal of Santiago]