Antonio de Ribero de Espinosa

Brief Biography: 
Antonio de Ribero de Espinosa was also referred to as simply Antonio de Ribero and on the 1540 muster as Antonio de Ribera, a probable scribal error. He was a native of Medina del Campo (Valladolid province) and the son of García de Espinosa and Francisca del Rincón. Antonio accompanied Viceroy Mendoza to New Spain in 1535 and was a member of his personal guard. Also, the viceroy appointed him the factor for the Expedition. After the Expedition, Antonio was assigned several governmental positions.
Gender: 
Male
Title (Y/N): 
No
Date of Birth: 
ca. 1526
AGE-1540: 
14
Age Set: 
1-15
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Valladolid
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
Medina del Campo
Date of Death: 
8/20/1555
Died on the Expedition?: 
No
Last Known Location: 
Mexico City
European Social Status: 
Caballero
Position on Expedition: 
Royal official
Horseman
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere: 
Yes
Pre-Expedition Occupation: 
Mendoza Guard
Post Expedition Occupation: 
Alguacil Mayor
Contador
Corregidor
Residence After Expedition: 
Mexico City, minas de Nanacupalco
Ability to sign name: 
Yes
Relatives: 
father:García de Espinosa; mother: Francisca del Rincón; brothers:Andrés de Ribero de Espinosa (aka Andrés de Espinosa), Pedro de Ribero, García de Ribero de Espinosa, Francisco de Ribero
References-Documentary: 

1530-1540:

AGI, Pasajeros, L.2, E.1262 [June 26, 1535: Antonio de Rivero, criado del Visorrey, hijo de García de Espinosa y de Francisca del Rincón, vecinos de Medina del Campo, a Nueva España];

AGI, Justicia, 259, pieza 2 [visita a don Antonio de Mendoza] [Rivero de Espinosa] [horseman: 4 Sept. 1537, fol. 49r-49v, 2 Jan. 1538, fol. 49v-50r, 13 June 1538, fol. 50v, 6 Sept 1538, fol. 51r-51v, 4 Jan 1539, fol. 51v-52r, 10 May 1539, fol. 52v, 19 Sept 1539, fol. 53r, and 11 Jan 1540, fol. 53v list an Antonio de Ribero as member of Mendoza’s personal guard];

AGI, Justicia, 258, pieza 1, “Relación de los salarios” [fol.799r: Nov. 1539, a antonio de ribero...c pesos]

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [3 horses, elk hide jacket, head armor, native arms; Antonio de Ribera];

Castañeda in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 28 [p.389: the factor = Riberos];

Obregon, Historia [p.18:Antonio de Rivero de Espinosa appointed factor for the expedition by audiencia]

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.2, exp. 399, 1543 [fol. 166r: September 1543: Antonio de Ribero is ordered to be paid 100 pesos de oro “para ayuda a su sustentación” from quitas y vacaciones “por lo que ha servido a su magestad en esta nueva españa como en la tierra nueva que descubrio el gobernador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado”];

AGI, Justicia, 258, pieza 1, “Relación de los salarios” [fol. 827r: a antonio de rribero...May 30, 1545...cL pesos];

AGI, Justicia, 260, Pieza 4, 1543-1547 [Charges against Cristóbal de Benavente, fiscal, 1546 and 1547, Witness];

1550-1560:

AGI, México, 204, N.33\2 [Antonio de Ribero, estante, witness for Pedro de Benavídes, Feb. 14, 1551, Mexico City, more than 25 years old (reached his majority in other words); [este testigo fue uno de los que fueron con el dicho capitan francisco Vázquez de coronado a la conquista (la tierra nueva que se dize Cíbola); Ribero could sign his name (no signature on copy)]

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.3, exp. 531, 1550 [fol. 191v: October 1550: Grant of ayuda de costa of 200 pesos de oro to Antonio de Ribero, corregidor en el pueblo de Chilchotla and alcalde mayor en las minas de Nanacupalco (Oaxaca? or Puebla?); Ribero complains of not being able to live on the designated salary of 150 pesos]

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD100, Reales cédulas, vol.1, exp. 48 [fols. 60r – 61r: September 9, 1552: because of the death of Rodrigo de Albornoz, Antonio Ribero de Espinosa is appointed contador; he is officially recognized as such by the audiencia in March 1553];

AGI, Contaduría, 663A [Mexico City, March 1569, list of contadores shows “Antonio Ribero de Espinosa que fue contador por su magestad desde el dicho mes de março de 1553 hasta agosto 1555 que fallecio”];

AGI, Contaduría, 663B [Payments made to meet expenses of pacificiation of the tierra de los Chichimecas in Nueva Galicia: Antonio Rivero Espinosa is contador in April 1553]

AGI, Contaduría, 663B [Payments to officials: to Antonio Rivero Espinosa, contador que fue de la real hazienda de Nueva España, 724 pesos, (in the document also referred to as Antonio Rivero), he died on the 20th of August 1555, payment is made for that year up to the date of his death];

AGI, Indiferente General, 737, N.149 [Consulta de Consejo de Indias, re: propone a Martín de Remoyn, Andrés Ribero de Espinosa y Alonso Gasco de Herrera, para la contaduría de Nueva España, May 22, 1556: accompanied by carta de Luis de Velasco al rey of September 14, 1555, dando cuenta de la muerte del contador Antonio de Ribero Espinosa: "antonyo rribero de espinosa contador por su magestad en esta nueva españa el miercoles pasado que se contaron veynte e un dias deste presente mes (agosto de 1555) fallescio abintestado," he is succeeded by Hortuño de Ybarra; the statement on the outside of the letter to the king refers to Antonio Ribero (without de Espinosa)];

AGI, México, 19, N.18 [Sep 14, 1555, Antonio Ribero de Espinosa, contador of Nueva Espana, has died and Velasco is naming Ortuño de Ibarra];

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.4, exp. s/n, 1555 [fols. 205v – 206v: August 1555: appointment of a new contador of Nueva España (Ortuño de Ybarra) because of the death of the previous office holder, Antonio Ribero Espinosa, on August 21]

Other info: AGI, Contaduría, 663A [1553-1556; don Diego de Guevara (already dead) was a fiador for Antonio Ribero [de Espinosa], contador que fue de nueva españa];

AGI, Justicia, 264, Pieza 3 [Probanza of Mendoza, Antequera, 21 Jan. 1547, answers by Marcos Ruis de Rojas: Question 130: Riberos told Marcos Ruis de Rojas];

Romero de Solis, Andareigos [vol. 1: n2: En 1553 fungia (Diego Veedor) en la Villa de Colima como teniente de contador, puesto por el contador general de la Nueva España Antonio de Ribero Espinosa, quien acababa de sustituir en el cargo a Antonio de la Cadena; Diego Veedor en compañia de Bartolomé Garrido poseia una huerta de cacao a un tiro de piedra de Escayamoca con unas 8000 casas de cacao [Calderón Quijano, Documentos, p.63];

AGI, Guadalajara, 46, N.8 [witness? for Castañeda’s statement]

Relatives: AGI, Indiferente General, 1963, L.9 [fols. 213r-214v: entrega de bienes a herederos de Andrés de Espinosa, May 4, 1545: Andrés de Ribero de Espinosa, vecino de Medina del Campo, also known as Andrés de Espinosa, has died; Antonio de Ribero, Pedro de Ribero, García de Ribero de Espinosa, and Francisco de Ribero are his brothers, all listed as vecinos de Medina del Campo; a witness is Rincón, clearly a relative of their mother]