Juan Rodríguez (de Alange)

Brief Biography: 
As the documentary record shows the name Juan Rodríguez was very common in New Spain. Therefore, the expeditionary added the fact that he was a native of Alange (Badajoz province). He was the son of Francisco García and Inés Sánchez and came to New Spain in 1535, serving in the Chiapas War. Juan was present at the 1540 muster as an unassigned horseman. After the return of the Expedition, he settled in Puebla.
Gender: 
Male
Title (Y/N): 
No
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Badajoz
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
Alange
Died on the Expedition?: 
No
Last Known Location: 
Puebla, Mexico
Position on Expedition: 
Horseman
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere: 
No
Residence After Expedition: 
Puebla, Mexico
Relatives: 
father:Francisco García; mother: Inés Sánchez
References-Documentary: 

1540-1550:

1540, Feb.: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [one horse, elk hide jacket, native arms]

AGI, México, 1064, L.1\1, “Informes” [fol.262r] = Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:585 = Icaza, Diccionario, #1229 [Juan Rodríguez; native of [Alange] Alanje in Estremadura; son of Francisco García and Inés Sánchez; 12 years in Nueva España; served 3 years in the Chiapa war and in Tabasco; went to Tierra Nueva de Cíbola; is poor]

1550-1560:

AGNEP, Notaría 3, Caja 2, 1554, Carpeta 1.1 [13 October 1554, Alvaro de Cacéres, vecino of Puebla, owes Juan Rodríguez, natural de Alhanje, residente en Tecamachalco, estante in Puebla, 550 pesos de oro común for 10 arrobas de grana de cochinilla];

1560-1570:

AGNEP, Notaría 3, Caja 2, 1562, Carpeta 1.1 and AGNEP, Notaría 3, Caja 3, 1562, Carpeta 1.11 [22 March 1562, Juan Rodríguez de Alhange, is a witness for several poders];

AGI, Contratación, 202B, N.18 [Will of Alonso Martín, Puebla 1562; [fol.20v] a witness is Juan Rodríguez de Alhanje; [fol.25v] Francisco Martín testifies as to what was in the tienda de vinos of Alonso Martin; [fol.28v] Juan de Cuevas, escribano; [fol31r] Juan Ruíz, Gonzalo Hernández, buy items at auction];

AGNEP, Notaría 4, Caja 1, 1564, Carpeta 1.7 [7 December 1564, García Sánchez, vecino of Puebla obligated to pay Juan Rodríguez de Alhanje, vecino of Puebla, 3762 pesos de oro común for 104 arrobas de grano de cochinilla];

AGNEP, Notaría 4, Caja 4, 1565, Carpeta 1.1 and 1.2 [6 October 1565, Francisco de Ávila gives poder to Cristóbal Escudero, vecino of Mexico, to pay Juan Rodríguez de Alhange, vecino of Puebla, 2820 pesos for 80 arrobas de grana];

Juan Rodríguez

1530-1540:

?AGI, Justicia, 295, N.1, R.1, Quaderno 4  [Santiago 5 June 1536: witness; age 35+, vecino of Santiago, Jorge de Alvarado and Gómez de Alvarado were Pedro's brothers and Luis de Moscosso, his nephew; signed his name (no signature on copy)]

?AGI, Indiferente General, 1380 ["Poder y cedula del licenciado Diego Nuñez medico/cirguano," 1537; 20 March 1532 - mentions serving with Guzmán, vecino of Compostela; probanza, 19 Feb 1537, witnesses, Hernán Pérez de Bocanegra, Juan Rodríguez];

1540-1550:

?AGI, Justicia, 259, pieza 2 [16 Nov. 1541; after Mixtón War, branded 1 slave]

?AGI, Justicia, 258, pieza 1, “Visita hecha al Virrey, 1544” [a Juan Rodríguez was teniente de corregidor of the pueblo de Sochimilco in 1542 and 1543 with a salary of 150 pesos/yr]

?APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746”  [fol.127v: Francisco Muñoz and his wife Mayor García baptized Diego with Juan Rodríguez as padrino, 14 Oct 1543];

?APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol. 178v: 25 Sept 1546 Juan Rodríguez baptizes Juan];

?APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746”  [fol. 180r: 21 March 1547  Francisco Muñoz and Maor García baptize Isabel?; padrinos Juan Rodríguez, Catalina Álvarez and Juan Gallego and his wife];

?AGI, México, 1089, L.4 [fol. 90v: 16-08-1549, cédula ordering Mendoza to grant Rodríguez, vecino de México, a caballería near México, next to one he has purchased] [Rodríguez has sent a report of his years of service to the king];

?AGI, México, 1089, L.C4 [fol. 60r: Real cédula a Antonio de Mendoza...para que de una caballería de tierras a Juan Rodríguez, vecino of México, March 28, 1549]

?González-Leal, Relación Secreta  [p.52: a Juan Rodríguez, casado con hija de Sebastián Rodríguez, conquistador; pp. 57-67: Pobladores sin indios: includes a Ximón García, a Juan de Morales, a Juan Rodríguez [García, Morales, and Rodríguez appear together on the list; pp. 82-83: La Ciudad de los Ángeles: includes Juan Rodríguez];

1550-1560:

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, II:2551 [fols. 22r – 23r: October 19, 1551, Carta de venta of a female black slave from a Juan Rodríguez, vecino de Puebla, to Cristóbal García, ventero and estante en la venta de Arriba de Perote;

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, II:2554 [fols. 85r – 86r: October 19, 1551, Acknowledgement of debt by Cristóbal García, ventero de la venta de Perote de Arriba, to Juan Rodríguez, vecino de Puebla for sale of the salve in #2551];

?AGI, México, 96 [1554 Probanza of Bartolomé Rodríguez, in Puebla, went to Mixtón War; witness Juan Rodríguez, vecino of Pueblo, 40+, brother to Bartolomé, signed (no signature on copy)];

?AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1559 [Payments to those who went to Florida with Luna: Juan Rodríguez, carpenter, and Francisco Martín, albani?];

?Luna Papers, Priestley, ed. [p.2:13: [1560, a Juan Ródriguez in Florida with Luna, signed?, p.2:13; pilot major of the fleet, p.2:245; 1560, July 22-a Juan Rodríguez, married, wishes to return to New Spain, p.1:133];

?AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1559 [monies spent on explorations: Carta de pago de Angel de Villafaña e de los harineros que recibieron el biscocho que entrego don Felipe en La Puebla 1559: Juan Rodríguez was sent to the hacienda of Francisco de Mendoza for the 200 borregas merinas and 50 padres merinos for the Florida trip]

?AGI, Contaduría, 663B [payments to corregidores y tenientes de corregidor: to a Juan Rodríguez, as corregidor of the pueblo of Tequila, 200 pesos, for his first year of service ending in May 1553, also 40 pesos for the first third of his first year of service as teniente de corregidor of the pueblo of Tapazcolula ending October 1553, for the same office he is paid 40 pesos in February 1554, and 200 pesos as corregidor que fue of the pueblo of Matalcingo for the first year of his service ending in January 1552, as corregidor of Tequila, Chichiquila, and Cachultenango he is paid 400 pesos for his second and third years of service ending in August 1555]

1560-1570:

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD61, Inquisición, vol.34, exp.8, 1567 [fol.169: Puebla, 24 Sept 1567, witness: Francisco Díaz de Vargas, signed his name just Francisco de Vargas, signed, 27 years old [too young]; signed by Juan Rodríguez, official for the inquisición]  

?AGI, Contratación, 471, N.6, R.1, exp.7 [Puebla de los Ángeles and Ciudad de México, November 1565, deals with the goods of an “extranjero” from Vizcaya who died at the mesón of a Juan de León, leaving a quantity of goods, but especially “una carga grande con páxaros canarios en gran cantidad que no se pudieron al presente contar estava la caxa con llave;” during the resulting almoneda, a total of 57 persons purchased 392 canaries (8 others died in the possession of Benito González de Trujillo); Francisco de Vargas, alguazil mayor de Los Ángeles, buys 24 canaries for 12 pesos; an Alonso Hernández buys 6 canaries; a Pedro Hernández, pregonero público, buys shoes, una gorra, un paño, a leather juboncillo, 2 talegas de lienzo; a Juan López, boticario, buys 6 canaries; a Juan Rodríguez, cardero, buys 12 canaries; the widow of an Antón Martín buys 1 canary; a Francisco de Caravajal buys 2 canaries];

?AHMP, Actas, Vol. 10, Document 40, Asunto 2 [fol.32v: April 24, 1567, Despido hecho por el cabildo a Francisco Calderón, vecino, del oficio y cargo de fiel del peso de la harina y trigo. Asimismo nombraron en el dicho cargo del fiel del peso de la harina y trigo a Juan Rodríguez, calero

?AGI, Escribanía de la Cámera, 952 [fol. 435: 28 March 1566, scribe, prisoner in the royal jail, loss of office; fol. 436:2 May 1566, prisoner in the royal jail; fol. 644: 21 May 1572, upheld the sentence of 6 years banishment from the kingdom]

?AHJO, Teposcolula, Civil, 1, exp.48, “Almoneda, Teposcolula, 1567” [a Juan Rodríguez purchases unos zapatos y unas medias for 7 tomines; a Pedro Hernández purchases unas alforjas for 3 tomines; fragment]

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD23, Real Audiencia, Civil, vol.419, exp.2, 1570 [fol.105: 1570, widow of Pedro de Vargas Carbajal; Geronima Gutiérrez vs Francisco Rodríguez, curtidor, sobre 28 dozen of cueros; 10 March 1570, María de Sandoval is widow of Pedro de Vargas, witness: Juan Fernández and Francisco Martín, sastre, vecinos of Mexico; 23 Feb 1569, Francisco Rodríguez executes a poder, witness: Francisco de Tórres, vecino of Mexico; Francisca de Medina, wife of Francisco Rodríguez, curtidor; 6 March 1570 Pedro de Ledesma, alcalde mayor in Mexico; carta de dote, 17 Feb 1568: Francisco Rodríguez, native of Segura de Leon, which is next to Zafra, son of Francisco Rodríguez and Mariana Rodríguez (both deceased); will marry Francisca Rodríguez, daughter of Juan Rodríguez, deceased and María de Medina, 1000 pesos, 1 black slave in dowry]

1570-1580:

?Catálogo, Resumen e Índices [1576, Benito Galiano, vecino del pueblo de Tecamachalco, estante en México, vende a Francisco Núñez y a Juan González, obligados al abasto de las carnes, vecinos, 6,000 carneros; 300 más o menos, capados, buenos de dar, con su lana, de 10 meses para arriba, que tiene en el pueblo de Tecamachalco. Los vende en 4 reales y 23 maravedís cada carnero. Deberá entregarlos en el pueblo de Iztapalapa durante el mes de agosto de este año. Plazo: el día que termine de entregar los carneros dará 800 pesos de oro común y el resto se lo pagará 50 días después de este entrego. Y podrá rechazar 200 carneros, los cuales dichos carneros, serán tan buenos como los que le vendió a Juan Rodríguez. Juan González firmó y Benito Galiano y Francisco Núñez no firmaron. Testigos: Juan de Badillo, Juan Sánchez y Antonio de Badillo, vecinos y estantes]

1580-1590:
?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD23, Real Audiencia, Civil, vol.647, exp.1, 1583 [1583, doña Francisca de Carriazo, widowed wife of Francisco Rodríguez, deceased; regarding 2000 pesos of her dowry; Cristóbal Pérez, in the name of Francisco Rodríguez, vecino of the mines of Tasco, in his lawsuit against his son, Diego, 8 June 1571; 21 Sept 1571, García Rodríguez, clerigo presbitero in Tasco, is an heir of Francisco Rodríguez; Alonso Hernández, heir;  Francisco was a miner; Francisco set up a company with Pedro de Zamora, vecinos of Mexico and lists the slaves, indios and censos that go with it (one slave used to be Juan Vizcayno's; some indios from Culiacán and Nochistlan); censo with Diego Hernández Loro (300 pesos); 7 Sept 1543 censo with Diego Sánchez and Juan Franco (200 pesos); 4 Feb 1546, censo with Pedro de Talavera (200 pesos); his partner Zamora had a censo with Hernán González and his wife Juana García, 1546; 1579, Juan de la Cueva, juez de residencia in Cholula; when he married María Juan Gallego renounced the pueblo of Tetela, and Mendoza gave it to me; Tasco, 23 July 1571, witness: Domingo Martín, vecino, 60 years old more or less; worked for Francisco for 3 months in his hacienda de minas, the hacienda was valued at 40,000 pesos, it was his opinion valdira la dicha hazienda 40,000 pesos de oro de minas y se la compratian Alonso de la Serna, Juan de Beteta, e García Rodríguez; signed but no signatures by Pedro de Ledesma and Martin; Puebla, 25 Jan 1545, witness when Leonor de Villanueva, widow of Juan de Mancanilla delivered letters to the cabildo scribe, Juan Rodríguez; witness to an earlier bill of sale for Francisco was Juan de Beteta, probably 1546, Tasco; 21 June 1548, Francisco registered a letter in Mexico regarding 3 mines of Pedro de Sandoval, each mine next to the other en la venta que dizen de Analco por abaxo de las casas de la morador del dicho Pedro de Sandoval hazia el norte que son por linderos de la una parte junto al camino que va al pueblo de indios e llamado Tasco mina que solia ser del tesorero Juan Alonso de Sosa, e de Juan Ruíz Martinez, e al presentes del Pedro Osorio e Juan de Beteta e Pedro Martir e otros sus conpaneros que la tienen e poseen e por la otra parte mina que solia ser de Gaspar de Ávila, Rodrigo Ruyz Pardo e contando el caso digo que ansi es que podia aver 17 anos poco mas o menos que Juan Gallego, vecino de la ciudad de Guaxaca e que solia estar e residir en estas dichas minas juntamente con Rodrigo de Tamarán que asimesmo a la sazon estava en ellas tomaron en tierra verzen todas las dichas tres minas la que confina con la mina que fue de los dichos tesorero Juan Alonso de Sosa, Juan Ruyz Martinez, Rodrigo de Tamarán, las otras dos, Juan Gallego la una para si e e a otra para el governador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, con esclavos e gente quesuyos tenian e tomadas las tivieron catearon poblaron e poseyeron quieta e pacificamente muchos dias hasta tanto que dende a un ano pco mas o menos el dicho Juan Gallego e los dichos Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, e Rodrigo de Tamarán conpro todas las minas e partes de minas esclavos e otras cosas que estas dichas minas tienan; 16 years since Juan Gallego made a company en todas las minas with Tomas de la Madriz; Juan Gallego sold to Rodríguez this company; perhaps Gallego's partner had already sold his interest to Pedro de Sandoval; Rodríguez is challenging that title against Sandoval, don Luis de Castilla, Diego de Nava who claim 1/8 interest; witness was Juan Franco, el cojo, estante in the mines; 31 July 1554 witness to Sandoval's poder was Francisco Hernández Chillón, estante in the mines; in 1554 Rodríguez, odrero says Gallego sold him some mines 15 years before;  30 March 1554, Mexico,  Juan Gallego says he did sell 2/3 interest in the mines to Rodríguez; 2 April 1554 Juan Gallego, in Mexico, certified the sale; then Rodríguez is suing Gallego that he sold him something he didn't actually entirely own and Gallego denies that and delivers a poder to Rodríguez, again selling 2/3 share; Gallego still alive in 15 June 1554];

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD58, Real Audiencia, Indios, vol.2, exp.960, 1583 [fol.221v: 5 Aug 1583, Tejupilco; Aud to the alcalde mayor of Texupilco that the naturales made a report; on the outsksirts of San Simón a grant was made to Juan Rodríguez, vecino of the mines of Zultepec [Tlaxcala?], of a sitio de estancia para ganado mayor; he is running too many livestock and damaging the land, magueys, dams; if found to be true, Rodríguez will pay damages];  

Other info: ?Dr. León in Dorantes de Carranza, Sumaría relación, p.455 [has an encomienda but was not a conqueror];

?Velasco, Relación de las encomiendas [p.18: poblador, held Guaçalingo, middling repartimiento, has children, had been assigned to Gabriel de Aguilar but he renounced it in favor of Rodríguez];

?Velasco, Relación de las encomiendas [p.50: Tanpacal entrusted to Juan de Gallegos, poblador and 1st holder; his widow succeeded because no heirs; she married Juan Rodríguez and together they hold it, very small pueblo]

husband of Francisca Rodríguez: ?APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.15r: Juan Rodríguez and Francisca Rodríguez baptized Andrés 23 Jan 1538]

husband of Isabel de Vega: ?APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.116r: Juan Rodríguez y Isabel de Vega baptized María 2 April 1543]

husband of Isabel de Tórres: ?APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol. 182v: 21 May 1547 Juan Rodríguez and Isabel de Tórres baptize Juan]

husband of María Hernández: ?APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [II:fol. 20r :18 July 1553 Juan Rodríguez and María Hernández baptize Juan, Francisco Gómez and his wife Isabel Ojeda as padrinos]

husband of Ana de Alcázar: ?APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [II:fol. 21v: 29 July 1553 Juan Rodríguez and Ana de Alcazar baptize Madalena, with Antonio Álvarez as padrino]