Pedro de Talavera

Brief Biography: 
Pedro de Talavera was present at the 1540 muster as a footman with some armor. There is mention of a Pedro de Talavera accompanying Alderete to New Spain and that individual may be the expeditionary because several other expeditionaries also came with Alderete. There are at least four different Pedro de Talaveras in the documentary record.
Gender: 
Male
Last Known Location: 
Tepic, Mexico (Muster)
Position on Expedition: 
Footman
References-Documentary: 

pre 1530:

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:1631 [July 7, 1527, manufacturer of fireworks, estante in Mexico City]

(#1) ?AGI, Pasajeros, L.1, E.2329 [February 18, 1517; Pedro, son of Andrés Martín Redondo and Juana Martín, citizens of Talavera de la Reina]

(#2) ?AGI, Pasajeros, L.1, E.3245 = Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:11177  [June 29, 1527: Pedro, son of Pedro de Tristán and Elvira Sánchez, citizens of Talavera de la Reina];

(#2) ?Epistolario de Nueva España, vol.1, #72 [Muster for Montejo trip to Yucatán conducted in Sanlúcar, June 1527, son of Pedro de Tristán and Elvira Sánchez, vecinos of Talavera de la Reina]

(#5) ?Orozco y Berra in Dorantes de Carranza, Sumaría relación, 397 [w/Alderete]

1530-1540:

?AGI, Contaduría, 662 [in February 1537, a Pedro de Talavera buys 56 cargas de toldillos from Suchiguatla for 326 pesos; in January 1537, he buys 8 cargas de ropa plus 6 mantas from Xonotla for 45 pesos]

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [sword, round shield, chain mail sleeves, native arms, footman]

?González-Leal, Relación Secreta  [p. 57-67: Pobladores sin indios: includes a Pedro de Talavera]       

?AGI, Contratación, 197, N.20, R.1 [Juan de Tórres, deceased, Santo Domingo, Hispaniola, August 1545; Pedro de Talavera, alcalde; purchaser-Francisco Díaz, Francisco Rodríguez, Francisco Martin-tailor]

(#3) ?AGI, Justicia, 272, Pieza 1, “Visita a los escribanos de la Ciudad de México, 1545-1546” [General questions of officials, 1545, witness is Pedro de Talavera, vecino de México, natural de Sevilla, more than 40 years old, can sign his name]

(#4) ?AGI, México, 1064, L.1\1, “Informes” [fol.200r] = Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:1242 = Icaza, Diccionario, #761 [sent for family which then died, 3 varones remain] [vecino of Mexico City; native of La Fuente del Maestre; son of Pero Hernández Gorrero and Mari Hernández la Gorrera; 23 years in Nueva España; came on the ship of Andrés de Barrios [regidor] (perhaps him due to a connection to Guevara through Barrios; this person must be at least 25); sent for his wife and 3 daughters; 3 varones; no mention of Vázquez de Coronado];

1550-1560:

?AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1559 [monies spent on explorations: Carta de pago de Angel de Villafaña e de los harineros que recibieron el biscocho que entrego don Felipe en La Puebla 1559: Corn brought from Tepeaca: Talavera, muleteer, 50.5 fanegas of corn to Vera Cruz]

1560-1570:

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD72, Real Audiencia, Mercedes, vol.5-6, segunda parte, exp. s/n, 1563 [fol. 551r: July 1563: a Juan de Betata is corregidor del pueblo de Teotenango; he is informed that the Indians of that pueblo have complained about abuse by their priest, Pero López Buitrago; they also complain about theft by four españoles: Vázquez, Castañeda, Jiménez, and Pedro Talavera; Betata is to investigate and punish the Spaniards if they are guilty]

1580-1590:

?AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD23, Real Audiencia, Civil, vol.647, exp.1, 1583 [1583, doña Francisca de Carriazo, viuda wife of Francisco Rodríguez, difunto; regarding 2000 pesos of her dowry; Cristóbal Pérez, in the name of Francisco Rodríguez, vecino of the mines of Tasco, in his lawsuit against his son, Diego, 8 June 1571; 21 Sept 1571, García Rodríguez, clerigo presbitero in Tasco, is an heir of Francisco Rodríguez; Alonso Hernández, heir;  Francisco was a miner; Francisco set up a company with Pedro de Zamora, vecinos of Mexico and lists the slaves, indios and censos that go with it (one slave used to be Juan Vizcayno's; some indios from Culiacán and Nochistlan); censo with Diego Hernández Loro (300 pesos); 7 Sept 1543 censo with Diego Sánchez and Juan Franco (200 pesos); 4 Feb 1546, censo with Pedro de Talavera (200 pesos); his partner Zamora had a censo with Hernán González and his wife Juana García, 1546; 1579, Juan de la Cueva, juez de residencia in Cholula; when he married María Juan Gallego renounced the pueblo of Tetela, and Mendoza gave it to me; Tasco, 23 July 1571, witness: Domingo Martín, vecino, 60 years old more or less; worked for Francisco for 3 months in his hacienda de minas, the hacienda was valued at 40,000 pesos, it was his opinion valdira la dicha hazienda 40,000 pesos de oro de minas y se la compratian Alonso de la Serna, Juan de Beteta, e García Rodríguez; signed but no signature by Pedro de Ledesma and Martin; Puebla, 25 Jan 1545, witness when Leonor de Villanueva, widow of Juan de Mancanilla delivered letters to the cabildo scribe, Juan Rodríguez; witness to an earlier bill of sale for Francisco was Juan de Beteta, probably 1546, Tasco; 21 June 1548, Francisco registered a letter in Mexico regarding 3 mines of Pedro de Sandoval, each mine next to the other en la venta que dizen de Analco por abaxo de las casas de la morador del dicho Pedro de Sandoval hazia el norte que son por linderos de la una parte junto al camino que va al pueblo de indios e llamado Tasco mina que solia ser del tesorero Juan Alonso de Sosa, e de Juan Ruíz Martinez, e al presentes del Pedro Osorio e Juan de Beteta e Pedro Martir e otros sus conpaneros que la tienen e poseen e por la otra parte mina que solia ser de Gaspar de Ávila, Rodrigo Ruyz Pardo e contando el caso digo que ansi es que podia aver 17 anos poco mas o menos que Juan Gallego, vecino de la ciudad de Guaxaca e que solia estar e residir en estas dichas minas juntamente con Rodrigo de Tamarán que asimesmo a la sazon estava en ellas tomaron en tierra verzen todas las dichas tres minas la que confina con la mina que fue de los dichos tesorero Juan Alonso de Sosa, Juan Ruyz Martinez, Rodrigo de Tamarán, las otras dos, Juan Gallego la una para si e e a otra para el governador Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, con esclavos e gente quesuyos tenian e tomadas las tivieron catearon poblaron e poseyeron quieta e pacificamente muchos dias hasta tanto que dende a un ano pco mas o menos el dicho Juan Gallego e los dichos Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, e Rodrigo de Tamarán conpro todas las minas e partes de minas esclavos e otras cosas que estas dichas minas tienan; 16 years since Juan Gallego made a company en todas las minas with Tomas de la Madriz; Juan Gallego sold to Rodríguez this company; perhaps Gallego's partner had already sold his interest to Pedro de Sandoval; Rodríguez is challenging that title against Sandoval, don Luis del Castilla, Diego de Nava who claim 1/8 interest; witness was Juan Franco, el cojo, estante in the mines; 31 July 1554 witness to Sandoval's poder was Francisco Hernández Chillón, estante in the mines; in 1554 Rodríguez, odrero says Gallego sold him some mines 15 years before;  30 March 1554, Mexico,  Juan Gallego says he did sell 2/3 interest in the mines to Rodríguez; 2 April 1554 Juan Gallego, in Mexico, certified the sale; then Rodríguez is suing Gallego that he sold him something he didn't actually entirely own and Gallego denies that and delivers a poder to Rodríguez, again selling 2/3 share; Gallego still alive in 15 June 1554]

Other info:

?AGI, Justicia, 828, N.4\1 [fol.61: witness in a case involving an Alonso Álvarez; listed as a ropero, vecino of Sevilla];

?AGI, Contratación, 576, L.6, 1566-1568 [Libro de asiento de partidas de bienes de difunto que entraban en las arcas de la caxa de Contratación; Pedro de Talavera (303) [frame 18v] 7267 maravedis];  

?Hillerkuss, Documentalia  [Talavera, ?, Visita del Licenciado Hernando Martinez de la Marcha, oidor alcalde mayor de la Audiencia Real de Nueva Galicia, 1550, mines of Guachinango, 5 August 1550, in the real of Luis de Vargas y Juan de Rentería, a Talavera lives in a house of Rentería and is his fundidor, p.112]

Relatives: ?AGI, Indiferente General, 1529, N.37\11 [Pedro de Talavera, mestizo, Mexico, 1582]