Francisco Martín (1)

Brief Biography: 
Francisco Martín (1) was present at the 1540 muster as a footman. We have arbitrarily assigned (1) to the footman and (2) to horseman. We have also applied the following logic in our determination that he was a native of Azuaga (Badajoz province) and a butcher. The native of Azuaga had a criado relationship with expeditionary Juan de Zaldívar. In Quivira Vázquez de Coronado ordered Zaldívar (or possibly Diego López) to execute El Turco and a Francisco Martín, a butcher, went and killed Turco. Also, when the native of Azuaga died he possessed a sword and crossbow, the very same items that the footman claimed at the muster. After the Expedition, Francisco returned to Culiacán and then worked in Zaldívar's mines in Zacatecas. His natural children and their mother lived with Vázquez de Coronado's sister-in-law.
Gender: 
Male
Title (Y/N): 
No
Birthplace
Country of Origin: 
Spain
Place of Birth (modern province/state/region): 
Badajoz
Place of Birth (City/Town): 
Azuaga
Date of Death: 
?November 1550
Died on the Expedition?: 
No
Last Known Location: 
Zacatecas
European Social Status: 
Commoner
Position on Expedition: 
Footman
Within Viceroy Mendoza's Sphere: 
No
Pre-Expedition Occupation: 
Butcher
Post Expedition Occupation: 
Butcher
Residence After Expedition: 
Culiacán and Zacatecas (Mexico)
Married: 
Yes
Name of Spouse: 
Isabel, an india
Name of Children: 
natural children: Diego, Antón, Juana
Relatives: 
parents:? Pedro Martín and María Hernández
References-Documentary: 

pre-1530:

?González-Leal, Relación Secreta  [doc. from about 1544, p. 43-44: individuals who came to Nueva España after Cortés and Narváez, but were at the conquest of Mexico and have Indians; this list includes a Gonzalo Hernández, regidor de la Puebla, a Juan de Morales, an Alonso López vecino of Colima; those without Indians include Rodrigo Ximón, a Francisco Martín; p. 82-83: La Ciudad de los Ángeles: a Francisco Martín]

?Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:770 [Sept. 13, 1527, Juan López and Francisco Martín sold some houses to maese Martín and Diego de Aguilar]

1530-1540:

López-Portillo y Weber, La Conquista de La Nueva Galicia [p.167];

Garmendia Leal, Fundadores [p.102: soldados de Nuño de Guzmán, 1529, listed among the jinetes y peones]

?Tello, Libro Segundo [p.167: vecino and morador of Guadalajara; p.171: solares given to pobladores in Guadalajara-a row (hilera) behind the houses of teniente, Alonso Lorenzo, Pedro Marcos, Francisco Martín, Br. Bartolomé García and Lope de Medina];

?Chávez Hayhoe, Guadalajara en el siglo XVI [p. 29-30: in January 1532, the vecinos y moradores of Guadalajara/Nochistlán numbered 47, including Juan Bautista, native of Berazy, Génova; a Juan Fernández, who came with Guzmán as capitán de artillería; a Francisco Martín]

?AGI, Justicia, 190, N.2 [El fiscal contra Lope de Samaniego, alcaide de las atarazanas de México y su forteleza, sobre embargo de sus esclavos, as a result, the audiencia notifies Rodrigo Méndez, Gutierre de Badajoz, el proveedor ? Alonso López, Andrés Núñez mercader, ? Juan López, and ? Francisco Martín, Pedro Veneciano, padre Alegrias, Juan Griego Girón, and Lorenzo Suárez that Indians they bought must be returned to the sellers];

?AGI, Justicia, 276, N.2 [Visita a Alonso Pérez Tamayo, 1545, de parte witness in México in September 1539 is a Francisco Martín, was preso en la cárcel de México, more than 30 years old]

1540-1550:

1540, Feb: Muster in Flint & Flint, Documents, Document 12 [crossbow, sword, native arms, footman]

Flint, Great Cruelties [p.64: Alonso Sánchez testifies that Diego López and Francisco Martín are in Culiacán, 1544];

AGI, Justicia, 267, N.3 [witness Alonso Sánchez: Francisco Martín butcher, in Culiacán; witness Cristóbal de Escobar: butcher];

?AGI, México, 1089, L.4 [fol. 35r: 28-11-1548, real cédula a Antonio de Mendoza...ordenándole que, conforme al capítulo de las Nuevas Leyes que se inserta, provea de corregimientos] [otra tal para que proVea a francisco martyn el sordo]

1550-1560:

BPE, “Bienes de difuntos,” Folder C1-2-2 [fol. 1r: Cuentas de bienes de Francisco Martín (2), 1550, a Francisco Martín "era natural de Azuaga donde dexo instituidos herederos;" Antonio de Soto is his albacea; Martín's estate is at least 557 pesos; fol. 2r: Francisco Martín fue criado de Juan de Zaldívar; fol. 4r-8r: this is a copy of Francisco Martín's testimento, made October 25, 1550; Azuaga is in the maestrago of Santiago; hijo legítimo de Pedro Martín y María Hernández; Francisco is estante en "las minas de la plata provincia de los Zacatecas;" fol. 5r: Martín owes 16 pesos for a horse to a Pedro Álvarez, portugues, ventero de la venta camino de México a la Vera Cruz; fol. 5v: Juan de Zaldívar owes Martín 300 pesos for 1 1/2 years de servicio and another 12 pesos for a caballo for the hacienda; fol. 6r: Martín is also owed 5 pesos by Vicente de Zaldívar "que quedo de pagarme por Esteban Martín;" Martín refers to his hijos naturales, Diego and Antón, and hija natural, Juana; their mother is Ysabel india, who are all in the household of doña Isabel de Estrada; Martín leaves money for her marriage; fol. 6v: Martín declares the following goods: tres pares de calzas, tres sayos, tres camisas blancas, tres jubones blancos, una espada, un sombrero, una gorra, una ballesta, quebrada la verga, (just as one of the Francisco Martíns in the muster), un colchón con sabanas, dos frezadas, un cofre, otro cofre chico, cuatro libros del cartaxano, otro libro apotalise en Romançe, otro libro de Reyvildos, segundo a[e]pistolario de don Antonio de Guevara, tres paños de cabeza, una cincha gineta sin latigo; fol. 7r: Martín names as his albaceas Francisco Díaz de Verlanga and Antonio de Soto, residentes de las minas de Zacatecas; fol. 7v: Martín's sister in Azuaga is Juana Martín; fol. 9r: by sometime in November 1550, Martín has died; Juana, his natural daughter is in Mexico in the house of Isabel de Estrada];

?Enciso Contreras, Ordenanzas de Zacatecas  [p. 52-65: No. 3 [Archivo parroquial de Nuestra Señora de la Soledad, Jérez, Zacatecas, Constituciones de la archicofradía del Santísimo Sacramento, sita en la parroquial mayor de Zacatecas, Zacatecas, January 1, 1551; copy made in 1801, 31 chapters of ordenazas for the Santa Cofradía del Santísimo Sacramento y Santa Concepción de la Serenísima Virgen y Madre de Dios; a Francisco Martín is listed as one of the cofrades of the cofradía in las Minas de Nuestra Señora de los Remedios in the provincia of Zacatecas]

Other Info: Piferrer, Nobiliario, 3:105, #1279 [family name: escudo of gules and un castillo almenado and aclarado de los mismo];

?Fernández Sotelo, La Primigenia Audiencia Nueva Galicia [p.303: "Testimonio de los pleitos fiscales pendientes," El pleito criminal de la justicia real de oficio y Alonso de Llerena, procurador fiscal nombrado contra Alonso Sánchez Calabes sobre la muerte de un Francisco Martín. Parece por el proceso que enbiandole preso a esta real audiencia el alcalde mayor de las minas de Aucuitlapilco donde cometio el delito se huyó en el camino y no se a presentado"]

Relatives?: ?AHMC, Caja A9, exp. 16, doc. 317 [p. 128-131: March 4, 1566, Colima: inventario de María Ruíz de Manjaraz, once the widow of Bartolomé Garrido; María died 24 days before this date; she and Garrido has also had at least two sons; reference is made to the wife of a Francisco Martín, mestizo; August 22, 1566, one of the appraisers of the huerta is Melchor Pérez, vecino de Colima]