Pedro Ruiz de Haro

Brief Biography: 

Pedro Ruiz de Haro, from Peñaranda de Duero, Burgos, Spain, was an attorney for Vázquez de Coronado from at least the early 1540s till the early 1550s. He had participated in the conquest of Nueva Galicia under Guzmán. He was eventually an encomendero and was a public scribe, as well as a scribe of the cabildo in Compostela.

References-Documentary: 

AGI, Guadalajara, 30, N.1, “Carta del cabildo secular de Compostela sobre la necessidad de hacer esclavos a los indios rebeldes y su aprovechamiento para el trabajo en las minas, 1533” [February 19, 1533, signed by Ruiz de Haro, escribano publico y del consejo];

Fernández Sotelo, La Primigenia Audiencia Nueva Galicia ["Fe de las encomiendas," 6 Dec. 1534, Nuño de Guzmán. Por mandado de su señoría, Pedro Ruiz de Haro, p.284; cédula firmada de Nuño de Guzmán e refrendada de Pedro Ruiz de Haro fecha en Mexico City, 3 Nov. 1536, por la cual depositó en Juan de Saldívar, vecino de Guadalajara, los senores e naturales de los pueblos de Tlacotlan, Acatlan, Atlemacapuli, con sus sujetos, asi como lo tenia Juan de Onate, p.286; cédula firmada de Vázquez de Coronado, refrendada de Pedro Ruiz de Haro, en Compostela, 7 Jan. 1544, deposito en Bracamonte, p.291; "Testimonio de los naturales que hay en los pueblos de Indios de Galicia", 20 Feb. 1570, Yztapa y Otomyztlan, Pedro Ruiz de Haro, 90 indios];

AGI, Justicia, 190, N.2, "El fiscal contra Lope de Samaniego, alcalde de las atarazanas de México y su fortaleza, sobre embargo de sus esclavos. Nota: va remitido al Consejo, 1535-38" [June 1535; interrogatorio on behalf of Lope de Samaniego, Juan del Camino, and Francisco Lombardo; mentions about 100 branded slaves brought from Nueva Galicia by Sámano and Lombardo; the slaves are from the pueblos of Maxcala and Apozol, that reisted Nuño de Guzmán's conquest and have risen up many times; a witness is Martín Benítez, vecino of Compostela, more than 30 years old, has known Samaniego, Guzmán, and Camino for about 4 years, can sign, but no signature; he is followed immediately by Francisco de Godoy, vecino of Compostela, 27 or 28 years old, has known Samaniego, Guzmán, and Camino for 6 or 7 years, can sign, but no signature; he is followed immediately by Melchior Díez (Díaz later in the signature slot), vecino of Compostela, about 29 years old, has known Samaniego, Guzmán, and Camino for about 8 years, can sign, but no signature on copy; after one unrelated witness (a Juan de Castañeda) there is a Lázaro Ginovés, vecino of Compostela, about 34 years old, does not know any of the principals, does not know how to sign; Cristóbal de Oñate is a witness, veedor of Nueva Galicia, about 30 years old; witnesses to the interrogatorio in september 1535: Francisco de Villegas; Juan de Villalba; Francisco de Godoy, alguacil mayor y regidor of Compostela, 27 or 28 years old; says he participated in the conquest of Nueva Galicia and many of the subsequent attempts to "restore peace;" he himself has Indians (in encomienda) who have never provided anything to him (fot gold or silver or even corn); he has seen "muestras de plata y de oro" from San Miguel, can sign, but no signature on copy; Sebastián Pérez; Cristóbal Maldonado, vecino of Compostela, about 21 years old, he is clearly a fairly recent arrival and has known Guzmán for only two years, can sign, but no signature on copy; Miguel Sánchez, vecino of Compostela, about 30 years old, has known Guzmán for about 6 years and participated in the conquest of Nueva Galicia; Rodrigo Ximón, vecino of Compostela, about 30 years old, has known Guzmán since settlement of Nueva Galicia, he went many times to the valles de Banderas in attempts to bring the natives to peace, he has seen that there are very good mines at San Miguel; Martín Benítez, vecino of Compostela, more than 30 years old, has known Guzmán for about 4 years, he participated in the conquista of Nueva Galicia and of the valles de Banderas, he has seen the mines in San Miguel. he participated in many of the atttempts to "restore peace," can sign, but no signature on copy; Pero Hortigón; Gaspar Brizeño; Luis Salado; Álvaro de Bracamonte; Pero Ruiz de Haro, vecino of Compostela, about 23 years old, has known Guzmán for 4 or 5 years, can sign, but no signature; Alonso de Castañeda, says that Espíritu Santo was abandoned many days before; Pedro de Veloa; Juan Sánchez Belmonte, Hernando de Escalante; Cristóbal de Oñate, veedor de su magestad, about 30 years old; he has known Guzmán for about 7 years; he participated in the conquests of Nueva Galicia and the valles de Banderas, he has seen the mines of San Miguel, can sign, but no signature on copy; Melchior Díaz, 30-something years old, vecino of Compostela, has known Guzmán about 6 years, he has seen "muestras de oro y de plata" from San Miguel, can sign, but no signature on copy];

AGI, Indiferente General, 1382B, "Peticiones y Memoriales, various dates" [1539 in Compostela, Ruiz de Haro serving as scribe];

AGI, Justicia, 339, N.1, R.1, "Residencia que el licenciado Lorenzo de Tejada, oidor de la Audiencia Real de Nueva España, tomo a Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, Guadalajara, 1544-45" [August 1544, Ruiz de Haro is de oficio witness and de parte witness for Cristóbal de Oñate, escribano público of Compostela, could sign his name; has known Vázquez de Coronado since about 1535, is about 32 years old]; [fol. 120r: Pero Ruiz de Haro en nombre del governador Vázquez de Coronado mi parte presents interrogatorio (37 preguntas)];

AGI, Justicia, 339, N.1, R.3, "Residencia que el licenciado Lorenzo de Tejada, oidor de la Audiencia Real de Nueva España, tomo a Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, Guadalajara, 1544-45" [August 1544, sobre ciertos pueblos, de oficio and de parte witness, Pedro Ruiz de Haro, escribano público in Compostela, has known Cristóbal de Oñate (father and son) for more than 14 years, could sign his name, is more than 25 years old, is also escribano de la gobernación y del tesorero]; [Tejada’s auto at the end is countersigned by Pedro Ruiz de Haro and Pedro de Requena];

González-Leal, Relación Secreta  [p. 78-81: Xalisco: Pero Ruiz de Aro, tiene indios; p. 90-92: Vecinos de Compostela: Pedro Ruiz de Haro];

Aiton and Rey, Coronado’s Testimony in the Viceroy Mendoza Residencia, 313 n64 [Ruiz de Haro: native of Peñaranda (Burgos province), resident of Compostela; came to New Spain in 1521; participated in discovery of the South Sea and in conquest of Nueva Galicia with Guzmán];

Icaza, Diccionario, #1177 [Ruiz de Haro, vecino of Compostela; came to Nueva España 21 years before; went with Guzmán] [hidalgo; father, Pedro de Haro; mother, Francisca Muñoz] [Ruiz de Haro has poor encomienda];

Gerhard, North Frontier, p.141 [ca. 1548 and still in 1570, Ruiz de Haro, encomendero of the pueblo of Otomistlán in the jurisdiction of Tepíc];

AGI, Justicia, 336, N.1, “Compostela, Proceso de pleyto que se trato en la rreal Audiencia del nuevo reyno de Galizia por parte de Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, governador que fue..., 1552” [testimony concerning certain pueblos, Compostela, spring 1552, Poder to Pedro Ruiz de Haro from Francisco Vázquez de Coronado, December 16, 1551, February 12, 1552, Ruiz de Haro presents an interrogatorio];

AGI, Patronato, 61, N.2, R.9, "Méritos: Alonso Álvarez de Espinosa: Nueva España, 1558" [probanza, 1551, Compostela, witness: Pedro Ruiz de Haro, scribe, about 36 years old, secretary of the said city];

Amaya Topete, Bioteca de Occidente: [p. 61-62: Manuel Fernández de Híjar: Conquistador de Nueva Galicia. Era sobrino de Juan Fernández de Híjar. Con él, con Alvaro de Bracamonte y con Alvaro de Tovar, se casaron las tres hijas de doña Leonor de Arias y del difunto Pedro Ruiz de Haro, dice Mota Padilla...En 1565 estuvo en Ameca y dejó su autógrafo];

Other info

?Bancroft, The Works, Vol. 10, History of Mexico, Vol. 2 [p.551: Captain Pedro Ruiz de Haro, died 1542; widow, Leonor de Árias (india); mine of Espiritu Santo)];

?Tello, Libro Segundo  [p.518: his father, Pedro Ruiz de Haro, was of the house of Guzmán, cousin of the Marqués de Toral; p.505: house in Compostela];

Surname: 
Ruiz de Haro