Juan de Salamanca

Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:5812 [to Santo Domingo];

Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:7589 [to Tunja, Santa Marta, Nicaragua];

AHP-Sevilla, Legajo 9.142, Oficio 15, 1535 I [vendida de esclava: Pero Hernández, tratante, vecino of Granada, estante in Triana; selling to Juan de Salamanca, maestre, vecino of Triana; negra ladina, age 25; 24 Feb.; didn't sign because he didn't know how to write [fol. 134v];

Piferrer, Nobiliario, 3:60-72 [23 March 1535, came with Narváez, living in villa de Espíritu Santo in Guaçacualco in Nueva España, coat of arms];

Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:2371 [fols. 495r – 496r: July 16, 1537, Poder traspaso granted by Juan de Hermosa to Juan Bautista de Alcocer to collect debts from 14 persons (including several directly associated with the viceroy), including don Luis de Castilla, el alcaide Lope de Samaniego, Juan de Salamanca (nephew of Santa Cruz), and Antonio de Mendoza];

AGI, Contratación, 197, N.29, R.1 [Espiritu Santo, Puerto de Guacaculaco, 1544, goods of Juan de Salamanca, vecino; albacea was Juan Méndez de Sotomayor, vecino; Salamanca's goods-horse, yegua, and potros, 1 fraçada, un cosete y una almilla de grana, 3 lanzas, 70 herraduras for horse and mule, seems to have had quite a bit of livestock; paid Francisco Gutiérrez and his brother Antonio de Salamanca, cousins of Juan for herraje purchased by Juan; payment to Perico, minor son of Pero López; 9 Feb. 1540, will of Juan: he is a native of San Juan de la Torre, near Ávila, son of Juan de Salamanca and Catalina Gutierrez];

Acuña, Relaciones Geográficas: Antequera, vol.2 & 3 [2:117: Coatzacualco…poblose de los más conquistadores que a esta tierra viniero, especialmente Juan de Salamanca [also apparently listed as a settler of Coatzacualco by Bernal Díaz]; [Coatzacualco, villa del Espiritu Santo: 1580]; [Juan de Salamanca and Alonso Sánchez, with Luis Marín, captain of Cortés (p.117)];

husband of Beatriz de León:

APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.34r: Juan de Salamanca and his wife doña Beatriz de León, padrinos for Francisco de Santa Cruz and his wife, 25 May 1539];

AGI, Justicia, 198, N.3 [1543, Jorge Carrillo con el fiscal sobre pueblos de indios] [witness: Juan de Salamanca, natural de Burgos, estante en México, about 40 years old, could sign his name, though it is shown as García de Salamanca-no signature on copy];

APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.122r: Juan de Salamanca and his wife doña Beatriz de León padrinos for Alonso de Galvo 30 July 1543];

APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.122v: Juan de Salamanca padrino for Pedro de Santa Cruz, 7 August 1543];

APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.146v: 8? April 1545, Juan de Salamanca and doña Beatriz baptized Francisco];

APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.157v: 26 Aug 1545, Juan de Salamanca and doña Beatriz de León padrinos for daughter of Gonzalo Pacho];

APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.158r: 31 Aug 1545, Juan de Salamanca and doña Beatriz de León, his wife padrinos for daughter of Luis Vaca];

APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.170r: 18 May 1546, Juan de Salamanca and his wife padrinos for son of Pedro Ruys de la Mota]

APSM, “Bautismos de Españoles, 1536-1746” [fol.191r: 27 Oct 1547, Juan de Salamanca and his wife doña Beatriz padrinos for son of maestrescula];

AGI, México, 1064, L.1\1\fol.138r = Icaza, Diccionario, #382 = Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:2365 [native of Burgos, son of Pedro de Salamanca and Teresa de Cisneros; 23 years in New Spain; with Grijalva; pacification of Castilblanco; Nueva Galicia; 11 years married with the daughter of licenciado Pedro de León; 2 sons and 2 daughters; pacification of Jalisco; no mention of Cíbola];

AGI, Contaduría, 663B [Payments en quitas: to the wife and children of Juan de Salamanca, difunto, because of this long service and his many children, 300 pesos for the year ending in June 1554, “carta de pago from his wife doña Beatriz de León como madre e curadora de sus hijos”];

AGI, Contaduría, 663B [Payments en quitas: to doña Beatriz de León, widow of Juan de Salamanca, 83 pesos because her husband was a conquistador, for the period October 1555-February 1556];

AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1557 [Other grants: doña Beatriz de León, widow of Juan de Salamanca, 166+ pesos,  6 Feb 1556-6 Oct 1556, sustenance; and, 83+ pesos, 7 Mar 1557-2 July; and, 83+ pesos, 2 July 1557-2 Nov 1557];

AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1558 [Misc. grants: doña Beatriz de León, widow of Juan de Salamanca, 100 pesos; and, 100 pesos, 30 Feb 1558-30 June 1558, continuation of grant; and, 100 pesos, 30 June 1558-30 Oct 1558];

AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1559 [Misc. payments: doña Beatriz de León, widow of Juan de Salamanca, 100 pesos, 8 Nov 1558-8 Mar 1559; and, 100 pesos, 8 Mar 1558-8 July 1559, continuation of grant; and as curadora and tutora of her children, 166+ pesos, 21 Nov 1558 for 1 year];

AGI, Contaduría, 664, 1560 [Misc. payments: doña Beatriz de León, widow of Juan de Salamanca, and her children, 166+ pesos, 13 Apr 1559-13 Aug 1559; and 166+ pesos, 14 Dec 1559-14 Apr 1560];

AGI, Contaduría, 679 [quitas y vacaciones: payment to the wife and children of a Juan de Salamanca: 176 pesos for the last third of 1577, wife, doña Beatriz de León, children, doña Beatriz de León, doña Ana de León, and doña Tomasina de León, plus 200 pesos for the year of 1578 (doña Beatriz has now died)];

AGI, Indiferente General, 1398 [1585, doña Beatriz de León, widow of Juan de Salamanca, conquistador y poblador de Nueva Espana, requesting that documents in the Archivo de Simancas (in the 1st arca, 5th legajo, letter 66) be provided to her showing the services of her husband];

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD51, Gobierno Virreinal, General de Parte, vol.1, exp.958 [May 1576 : the copy of a royal cédula dealing with doña Beatriz de León, widow of Juan de Salamanca, and her children; the release of 500 pesos de tepuzque; this Juan de Salamanca was “uno de los primeros descubridores y pobladores de esa dicha ciudad [de México] y sus provincias;” he lived “en esta tierra” for 26 years; he was given “cargos principales;” he was granted “indios de repartimiento;” but he spent all his money in supporting the Indians, so that his wife and children suffered “extrema necesidad;” so they are to be paid “mil pesos de oro” from the hacienda real each year and also 500 “pesos de oro de tepuzque en cada un año en quitas y vacaciones…por todos los días de su vida;” cédula issued from Valladolid, November 21, 1558; Velasco later referred to her “seis hijos menores;” one of the sons, Francisco de Salamanca, had then died, but the amount was not reduced; doña Beatriz died about 25 days before the present letter from Martín Enríquez; the five remaining children: 2 sons (both clérigos) and 3 daughters (one also named doña Beatriz de León, married to licenciado Ledesma; the other two being doña Ana and doña Tomasina de León); the 500 pesos is now to be split between the 3 daughters, beginning in May 1576];

interpreter:

AGI, Justicia, 272, Pieza 7, fols. 8r - 8v, Cargos contra Pedro de Requena, escribano, 1546-1547 [Requena refers to Juan de Salamanca, saying "sabe la lengua mexicana por ser natural de esta tierra," says Salamanca is interprete, "el dicho Juan de Salamanca es naguatato de lengua mexica por ser mestizo hijo de yndia natural de esta tierra y el dicho don domingo" [also indio], Salamanca is less than 14 years old] [too young]

barbero, surgeon:

AGI, Pasajeros, L.5, E.186 = Boyd-Bowman, Indice geobiográfico, II:7588 = Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:1148 [March 10, 1528, barbero, vecino of Mexico City] [vecino of Salamanca, surgeon, barbero, to México in 1525];

Millares Carlo y Montecón, Indice y extractos, I:976 & 977 [Jan 10, 1528, barbero, owes Alonso Dávila money for a house he bought];

AGN, Instituciones Coloniales, GD61, Inquisición, vol.1825, exp.1 [fol.3, image 10: 17 Aug 1539, barbero, Mexico; Francisca Hernández, wife of Francisco Tapia came to denounce Juan de Salamanca, barbero, vecino; she saw an indian slave, Catalina, washing clothing in a corral on Saturday and was upbraided by Salamanca; his wife was Ana Martín; the neighbor asked Ana about this who told her that her husband insists that nothing be done on Saturdays and that in his land nothing was to be done on Saturdays; Juan says he is a native of Almenara in the ducado of Alburquerque near Salamanca; has been here for 15 years [came in 1524]; his mother, Mari Hernández, daughter of Pedro de Parada, vecino of Almenara; his father, Juan García and doesn't know where he was from; married to a daughter of Alonso Guisado; had been married to a criada of Villafane in Castilla and she died; he came when he was 25 and now is 40 or 41 years old; was an Old Christian; he cannot read or write; denies treating Saturday as a holy day; signed; Ana Martín is questioned whether her husband can read and write and whether he has books-says he can't; denies also that he keeps Saturday; end of case];

Romero de Solís, Andariegos  [1528 March 10, barber, vecino of Mexico, had charge of 2 Indian slaves];

Surname: 
Salamanca